YELLOW FEVER is an infectious disease that can be acquired by the bite of a mosquito. Its symptoms can vary from mild to severe and include: vomiting, nausea, headaches, dizziness, and even death.
Symptoms of yellow fever
Symptoms of yellow fever may include fever, muscle pain, headache, backache, and nausea. The symptoms of yellow fever typically last for a few days after a person is infected. However, some people are at higher risk for developing severe symptoms.
Yellow fever is an acute viral hemorrhagic disease that is transmitted by mosquitoes. It’s endemic in tropical areas of Africa and South America. The disease is usually spread when an infected mosquito bites a person. The virus is then transmitted to the next person bitten by the infected mosquito. The virus can also be transferred through sexual contact.
The initial symptoms of yellow fever are mild and occur 3 to 6 days after the mosquito bites a person. The symptoms are usually gone within seven to ten days. The virus is able to cause internal bleeding and damage to organs.
In serious cases of yellow fever, the virus can infect the kidney, heart, and liver. It can also cause damage to the gastrointestinal tract. Some patients develop a form of jaundice. These symptoms may be mistaken for other diseases, such as viral hepatitis.
The infection can be treated with supportive care, including fluids and blood pressure medications. It may also involve injections of vitamin K. Plasma transfusions can also be given to replace proteins that help with clotting.
If you are traveling to an area with high human populations, you should get a yellow fever vaccination. You should also use mosquito repellent with DEET.
Most people who get yellow fever are infected by a domestic mosquito. The Aedes mosquito is the most common type of mosquito. It’s endemic in subtropical Africa and South America.
Yellow fever is considered an epidemic in many areas, especially in sub-Saharan Africa. It’s not a risk for most people, but if you are traveling to an area where yellow fever is common, it’s important to be protected. You can prevent the disease by using mosquito repellent and window screens. You should see a doctor right away if you experience any flu-like symptoms after traveling.
You should also avoid non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and aspirin since they can lead to bleeding. Some of the complications of yellow fever include bleeding from the eyes, nose, and gastrointestinal tract.
Spread by mosquitoes
Approximately 610 million people worldwide are at risk of getting yellow fever. Although the disease is rarely a problem in United States travelers, it is important to protect yourself against mosquito bites.
The virus that causes yellow fever is carried by the Aedes aegypti mosquito. These are the mosquitoes that are most commonly associated with the spread of the disease.
The disease is spread by these mosquitoes, and symptoms of the disease usually begin three to six days after a person is bitten by one of these mosquitoes. Those who get the disease will have a high fever, loss of appetite, muscle aches, headache, and nausea. As the illness progresses, the whites of the skin may turn yellow.
Those who are at risk of contracting the disease should consider getting vaccinated before traveling. While there is no cure, there are many treatment options, including blood transfusions in critical situations.
If you suspect that you have contracted the virus, you should see a healthcare provider as soon as possible. The doctor will ask you about your symptoms and order tests to confirm the diagnosis. If you have a serious case of the disease, you may need to be admitted to the hospital.
It is best to avoid mosquito bites, but if you are in an area where you cannot do this, you should use insect repellent containing 30% to 50% DEET. You should also wear long sleeves, cover your arms and legs with a cover and wear clothes that are not tight.
Yellow fever is endemic in tropical and subtropical areas of South America and Africa. Those in these countries are at the greatest risk of becoming infected. The disease is also endemic in several Caribbean islands.
Yellow fever is generally a mild infection, but it can be severe. Some people may develop more serious symptoms, such as joint aches, muscle aches, vomiting, bleeding in the gastrointestinal tract, and jaundice. Some people develop a rash, which may appear after a few days. The disease usually subsides within a few days.
The WHO recommends that every country at risk of acquiring the disease have at least one national laboratory. It is also important to control outbreaks by launching rapid emergency vaccination campaigns.
Depending on the type of yellow fever virus you are infected with, treatment can include blood tests, hospitalization, and antibiotics. The disease is a severe viral infection that can cause death. It is best to get treated quickly. It may also be helpful to use mosquito repellent with 30% to 50% DEET.
Most people recover from the symptoms of yellow fever in about three to four days. However, about 15 percent of patients experience the more serious phase of the disease, which can lead to damage to the liver and kidneys.
The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that about 29,000 to 60,000 people die from yellow fever each year. Most deaths occur in Africa.
Symptoms of yellow fever usually appear within 3 to 6 days of being bitten by a mosquito. You’ll notice chills, muscle pain, and headache. If you have any of these symptoms, contact your doctor immediately. You should drink plenty of fluids to keep hydrated and avoid dehydration.
If you suspect you have yellow fever, your healthcare provider will order a blood test. This test can identify the virus and antibodies produced by your body to fight it. The tests can take several days to complete.
A small number of people who get yellow fever develop a more serious form of the illness called the toxic stage. These patients can go into shock and may have several organs fail. They also may bleed from multiple places in their body.
If you think you have yellow fever, you should see your healthcare provider as soon as possible. Your doctor can help you manage the illness while you’re recovering. You’ll need to stay indoors and avoid mosquitoes. You can prevent yellow fever by wearing a protective mask, mosquito nets, and using insect repellent that contains 30% to 50% DEET. You can also use painkillers to relieve aches.
Your healthcare provider will ask about the symptoms you have and where you were in the world when you got infected. You can also call National Health Service 111 for advice.
The WHO also recommends that every at-risk country have at least one national laboratory to conduct basic yellow fever blood tests. Rapid detection and response through emergency vaccination campaigns are important to controlling outbreaks.
Approximately 15 percent of patients who are diagnosed with yellow fever go on to the toxic phase of the disease. This stage of the disease is very serious, and the death rate can exceed 50 percent.
The toxic phase of yellow fever can result in severe liver damage. Patients may also suffer from bleeding into the skin and gastrointestinal tract.
The World Health Organization estimates that between thirty-five and fifty percent of people who are symptomatic for yellow fever will eventually die. However, the actual death rate depends on the patient’s age and the severity of their illness.
In addition to hemorrhage, the toxic phase of yellow fever can cause a high fever. This may also be followed by kidney dysfunction, which may require dialysis. Medications such as ribavirin and interferon are currently being studied as possible treatments for yellow fever.
Currently, the most common treatment for yellow fever is supportive care. This includes hydration and fluids, oxygen, and medications such as blood pressure pills. Some patients may also be given plasma transfusion, which replaces proteins that help clot.
Vaccination is the best defense against yellow fever. The vaccine is available as a single shot and gives lifelong immunity. It is recommended for individuals aged nine months and older. Travelers should also be vaccinated before entering an area where yellow fever is endemic.
Incubation of the yellow fever virus takes about three to six days. During this period, the patient’s body produces antibodies that can be detected with a blood test. The tests can be done using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) or monoclonal enzyme immunoassay (MEIA).
A drop in white blood cells can indicate that the patient is infected with the yellow fever virus. However, other investigations may also be performed, depending on the organ.
The symptoms of the infection vary greatly, and they are not usually specific. Most patients are diagnosed with high fever, a headache, muscle aches, and loss of appetite. Most of these symptoms are temporary and improve within a few days.
The first two phases of yellow fever are uncomplicated and are usually not fatal. Those who have a compromised immune system are at the greatest risk of developing complications.
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