Urinary Catheter

Urinary Catheter Complications and Side Effects

Choosing to use a urinary catheter is an important decision. However, you need to be aware of potential complications and side effects that may arise. In this article, we’ll look at the various types of catheters and discuss some of the most common problems that they can cause.

Foley catheter vs Robertson catheter

Despite the fact that urinary catheterization is a common clinical intervention, about 21% to 31% of patients who undergo this procedure do not meet the criteria for appropriateness. There are several factors that contribute to this high rate. For example, edema, atrophy, pelvic organ prolapse, and sexually transmitted infections can all affect anatomic relationships.

The best method for urethral meatus catheterization is to use direct visualization. This can be done with a ureteroscope or flexible cystoscope. In a male patient who has not been circumcised, it is necessary to return the foreskin to its anatomic position. In addition, it is important to reassure the patient that the analgesia will be adequate.

When a coude catheter is used, it is generally inserted into the urethral meatus gently. It can then be removed after catheterization. If a stenosed meatus is present, it may be better to place a firmer catheter. It is also possible to pass a urethral sound over the guide wire to ensure safe dilatation of the stricture.

Foley catheterization is most often used in tertiary care facilities. However, it is not an inexpensive intervention. The final size of the catheter is typically 16 French to 20 French. If you are considering this procedure, it is important to choose a catheter that is comfortable for the patient and one that is suitable for your institution.

Foley catheters are available in latex, plastic, or vinyl. They come in different sizes, including the smallest French size (French equals 0.33 mm). They are lubricated internally to prevent infection. Some have ringed reinforcements, and some have wider eyelets.

If you are attempting to catheterize a penile urethra, you must ensure that the catheter tip can be removed for cleaning. If you are unable to achieve this, it is likely that the urethral meatus is buried. To remove the tip, you can use a flexible cystoscope or a laryngoscope.


Having blood in your urine is a very scary thing. It can be caused by a number of different factors. Typically, blood in your urine is an indication of a urinary tract infection (UTI). However, if it is persistent, it may be a sign of a more serious problem. It is important to get tested. If you are worried about having blood in your urine, contact Mayo Clinic Connect.

Generally, UTIs are caused by a bacterial infection. They can be very painful. They can occur anywhere in your bladder. The most common place for them to form is in your kidneys. They can also be found elsewhere in your urinary tract.

It is possible for people to pass blood clots during urination, especially when using a catheter. If this is the case, it is important to keep the catheter clean and sterile. You may also want to use a blood thinner, such as aspirin, to prevent the formation of a clot.

Another possible cause of blood in your urine is an enlarged prostate. If you have an enlarged prostate, you should talk to your doctor. They can prescribe medication that can shrink the size of the prostate.

If you are experiencing hematuria, your doctor can perform imaging tests. These can detect kidney stones or other bladder problems. If you have an enlarged prostate, a biopsy can be done to rule out prostate cancer.

In many cases, CAUTIs are asymptomatic. Nevertheless, they are associated with an increased risk of death. They may also require hospitalization. Patients with long-term indwelling catheters may occur as often as twice a year.

Intermittent self-catheterization is an alternative to permanent indwelling catheters. It can help prevent complications and increase independence.

Urethral strictures

urethral strictures occur when the urethra narrows and stops the flow of urine from the bladder. The cause is a variety of factors, including inflammation, trauma, instrumentation, and infection. These strictures are a challenge to catheterize and can lead to complications. If you are experiencing symptoms, you should consult a urologist for treatment.

The first step in treating a urethral stricture is to diagnose the location and extent of the obstruction. If the obstruction is small, self-catheterization can be helpful. If it is large, a surgical procedure may be necessary. The goal of treatment is to increase the diameter of the urethral lumen, which will allow easier catheterization.

For mild strictures, there are nonoperative treatments available. These techniques include the use of dilators and sounds. These devices are designed to be passed over a guide wire. A guide wire prevents the formation of false passages. This prevents further trauma to the urethra.

Balloon dilators can also be used to dilate urethral strictures. These dilators are inflated at the stricture site, and a maximum pressure recommendation is given. If you have a stricture, your urologist can help you determine the best method of dilation. Some strictures are too difficult to dilate, and other strictures may not dilate even at their maximum allowable pressure.

For more severe strictures, tissue transfer techniques may be needed. These techniques may be combined with re-anastomosis. This may be an option for patients who fail other forms of management.

In cases of advanced urethral strictures, the American Urological Association (AUA) clinical guidelines provide information for clinicians. This guideline provides guidance for diagnosis, postoperative care, and reconstruction.

If you have a urethral injury, you should consult your primary care physician. This guideline will be amended to the highest standards of clinical care.


Symptomatic urinary catheter-associated infections are one of the most common urinary tract infections in healthcare facilities. These infections can be caused by bacteria, including gram-negative organisms, and can result in symptoms such as urinary tract infections (UTIs), upper tract infections (UTIs), fever, pain, and urination difficulties.

These infections may be associated with catheters that are placed for either therapeutic or diagnostic purposes. These catheters can cause infections in the kidney and bladder. Infections of a urinary catheter are more likely to occur when the catheter is placed continuously.

During catheterization, biofilm forms on the surface of the catheter. Biofilm is an adherent layer of microorganisms, extracellular mucopolysaccharides, and other substances. It protects the catheter from antibiotics and helps to prevent the immune system from attacking the catheter.

Bacteria on the catheter can spread to the urine drainage bag, which can be transferred to another catheterized patient or to the hands of staff. This can lead to a secondary bloodstream infection, known as CA-ASB.

CA-ASB is diagnosed when a single or multiple organisms are detected at a quantitative count of 105 cful/ml or greater from a properly collected urine specimen. The organisms are generally resistant to antimicrobials. However, there are exceptions to this rule.

Bacteria that produce urease, a substance that breaks down urea, are more likely to be isolated from catheter-acquired urinary infections. They are also more likely to be resistant to antibiotics.

Bacteria that produce urease can exacerbate the formation of crystalline biofilm on the catheter. This can obstruct the flow of urine and increase the risk of CA-ASB.

Aside from catheter-acquired urinary tract infections, other gram-negative organisms can cause bacteriuria. These include Morganella morganii and P. aeruginosa.

Side effects

Using a urinary catheter can cause infections in the bladder and urethra. While it is not 100% preventable, there are steps you can take to lower the risk. Practicing good hygiene and taking care of your catheter drainage system are two ways you can reduce your chances of getting a urinary tract infection.

One of the most common side effects of a catheter is a urinary tract infection (UTI). Bacteria from the catheter can enter the body and contaminate the urine.

Researchers are looking into different types of catheters to see which ones are safer. Intermittent catheters are less likely to cause an infection than indwelling catheters. The intermittent catheter is a thin tube that is inserted through the urethra to drain the bladder. The tube is usually pre-lubricated to ease the insertion process.

An indwelling catheter, on the other hand, is a long-term catheter that remains in place for days. The risk of a UTI increases with prolonged use.

In addition, there is a greater risk of urinary stones when people use an indwelling catheter for a long period of time. If you are worried about having a urinary catheter, you should consult your physician. He or she can provide you with information about how to best care for your catheter and how to make it comfortable.

A new catheter should be designed to mimic the natural physiology of the bladder. It should also be easy to insert, safe to use, and reliable in the bladder. The catheter should be removed safely when it is no longer necessary. It should have control mechanisms suitable for all users and mimic the emptying of the bladder.

Health Sources:

Health A to Z. (n.d.). HSE.ie. https://www2.hse.ie/az/

U.S. National Library of Medicine. (n.d.). https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/

Directory Health Topics. (n.d.). https://www.healthline.com/directory/topics

Health A-Z. (2022, April 26). Verywell Health. https://www.verywellhealth.com/health-a-z-4014770

Harvard Health. (2015, November 17). Health A to Z. https://www.health.harvard.edu/health-a-to-z

Health Conditions A-Z Sitemap. (n.d.). EverydayHealth.com. https://www.everydayhealth.com/conditions/

Susan Silverman

Susan Silverman

Susan Silverman is a Healthy Home Remedies Writer for Home Remedy Lifestyle! With over 10 years of experience, I've helped countless people find natural solutions to their health problems. At Home Remedy Lifestyle, we believe that knowledge is power. I am dedicated to providing our readers with trustworthy, evidence-based information about home remedies and natural medical treatments. I love finding creative ways to live a healthy and holistic lifestyle on a budget! It is my hope to empower our readers to take control of their health!

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