Side Effects of Topical Corticosteroids
Using topical corticosteroids is an effective method for treating eczema, psoriasis, atopic dermatitis, and other skin disorders. However, you should know that these medications are not without side effects.
Treatment of eczema
Using topical corticosteroids can help to relieve the symptoms of eczema. These medications are synthetic drugs that work by mimicking the effects of hormones.
Topical corticosteroids can be used for a wide range of eczema cases. This type of treatment may be used for a short period or continuously. It is important to follow your doctor’s instructions when starting this type of treatment.
There are a number of different types of topical corticosteroids, including low-potency, moderate-potency, and high-potency topical steroids. The steroid cream should be selected according to the severity of eczema, the skin’s sensitivity, and the area of the body affected.
When applying a topical steroid, it is important to apply only a small amount. The stinging sensation will reduce over time. If the medication affects the eyes, it is best to wait at least two days before applying it.
Topical corticosteroids are commonly applied once a day. However, the optimum duration of treatment has not been studied. Typically, a dermatologist determines the length of treatment based on the age and severity of eczema.
The most common side effects of topical steroid use are acne, thinning of the skin, and stretch marks. Long-term use can result in serious side effects. These types of medications can also increase the risk of developing bone density loss and weight gain.
A variety of other medicines can also help to reduce the symptoms of eczema. Prescription medicines include oral drugs, injectable drugs, and topical calcineurin inhibitors.
There are also natural remedies for eczema. Some of these methods include acupressure, relaxation techniques, and mindfulness training. Keeping your skin clean and moist can also help to improve its ability to absorb medications. Taking antihistamines is also helpful to control eczema.
Treatment of atopic dermatitis
Several studies have investigated topical corticosteroids as a treatment for atopic dermatitis. These studies indicate that they are effective and safe. However, some side effects such as telangiectasia and skin atrophy may occur.
Atopic dermatitis is an immune disorder that causes the skin to become inflamed. It occurs most commonly in children and adults. Atopic dermatitis is usually associated with other allergic conditions, such as asthma. The condition is also linked to genetics and environment.
Treatment of atopic dermatitis involves a combination of topical steroids and emollients. These creams seal in moisture and prevent the skin from irritating itself. They should be applied twice a day.
The use of topical calcineurin inhibitors is another treatment option. These drugs work by blocking the production of inflammatory cytokines. These proteins are produced by immune system cells. These enzymes have been shown to contribute to certain diseases.
The use of topical calcineurin inhibition should be used as a second-line treatment for atopic dermatitis. This approach may reduce the risk of recurrences.
Topical acetonide is another nonsteroidal drug that can be used in patients with atopic dermatitis. It works by preventing the formation of fibroblast collagen, which is needed for the skin to maintain its normal structure.
Another treatment option for atopic dermatitis is a high-affinity Interleukin 13 (IL-13) inhibitor. In addition to reducing itch, this medication can also reduce redness and decrease the appearance of rashes.
Other treatments for atopic dermatitis include sedating antihistamines. These medications are used when atopic dermatitis is associated with other allergic conditions.
Topical steroid preparations should be applied before applying emollients. The amount of steroid given should be determined by the amount of the topical steroid squeezed from a standard tube along the adult’s fingertip.
Treatment of psoriasis
Several topical treatments are available for patients with psoriasis. However, the choice of treatment depends on the patient’s preference, the degree of disease, and the extent to which the treatment will improve the patient’s symptoms.
Topical corticosteroids, tar, and retinoids have long been used for psoriasis. These agents have anti-inflammatory, antiproliferative, and keratolytic properties. They are generally effective for the treatment of psoriasis. Salicylic acid is also an effective adjunct to psoriasis therapy.
Topical corticosteroids are usually prescribed as the initial therapy for psoriasis. The dosage should be no more than 90 to 100 grams per week. It should be noted that very potent topical corticosteroids can suppress the pituitary-adrenal axis and may be used for short periods.
In addition to topical corticosteroids, a number of other systemic treatments have been studied. Some of these therapies include cyclosporine, methotrexate, retinoids, and biologic tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha inhibitors. These drugs have anti-inflammatory and immune-modulating effects and are thought to promote epidermal differentiation and cell proliferation.
These biological agents have been studied in combination with topical corticosteroids. The combination of these two therapies has been found to be more effective than topical corticosteroids alone. The use of these two drugs has been shown to be more effective in the treatment of pustular psoriasis than pimecrolimus.
These biological treatments are not without risks. They can cause mucocutaneous toxicity and skeletal changes. It is important to discuss these possible side effects with patients.
There are also alternative therapies, including tazarotene, tar, and vitamin D analogs. While these drugs can be effective in treating psoriasis, they can be difficult to apply and may cause adverse effects. They can also be expensive.
For patients with the recalcitrant disease, localized phototherapy may be beneficial. Occasionally, intense inpatient management is required.
Treatment of perioral dermatitis
Depending on the severity of your perioral dermatitis, your dermatologist will decide on a treatment plan. If your dermatitis is mild, topical medications may be sufficient. For moderate to severe cases, systemic treatment may be needed. If your dermatitis is resistant to topical medication, oral macrolides are an option.
Generally, oral antibiotics can be used for 4 to 8 weeks. Depending on the severity of your dermatitis, you may need to take antibiotics for several months to prevent a recurrence.
If your dermatitis is not improving, you should see your doctor. Your doctor will evaluate your skin and rule out other conditions. He or she will also ask you about your skincare routine and whether you use any topical medications. If your condition gets worse, call 911 for emergency medical treatment.
There are two types of perioral dermatitis. One is caused by prolonged use of topical steroids. The other occurs spontaneously in children and adults.
For mild perioral dermatitis, you may be able to treat the rash with topical antibiotics. The antibiotics can be erythromycin 2% or metronidazole 0.75% gel or cream twice daily. These medications are often effective in reducing the severity of your condition.
If your dermatitis is resistant to these medications, you might need to try a combination of topical and systemic therapy. You may also need to avoid fluorinated oral care products.
If your perioral dermatitis does not improve after a few weeks, you should see your dermatologist. He or she may prescribe a corticosteroid cream for a short time. These creams should be applied only as directed by your doctor.
If you have perioral dermatitis, you should stop using all topical products except the medication regimen that your dermatologist prescribes. You should also choose fragrance-free cosmetic products and limit heavy makeup.
Several studies have been conducted to evaluate the side effects of topical corticosteroids. These drugs act on the glucocorticoid receptors of skin cells. They inhibit epidermal cell division and collagen formation. However, they can also irritate the skin and cause local adverse effects. These include dryness, atrophic skin, acne, and rosacea. These adverse effects may increase the risk of bacterial infections. They can lead to easy bruising, perioral dermatitis, and stretch marks.
The use of topical steroids is very common in dermatology. They are used to treat skin inflammation, such as atopic dermatitis. In fact, they are one of the most commonly prescribed drugs in the treatment of atopic dermatitis. They are available in different formulations. They should be applied only to the affected parts of the skin. They should be used for at least 20 minutes before other emollients are applied.
When using topical corticosteroids, it is important to follow the instructions given in the information leaflet. If you are unsure about the amount of medicine to be applied, consult your GP. You should always wash the medication off before feeding your baby.
In some cases, topical corticosteroids can lead to perioral dermatitis, which is a form of acne. In addition to that, the medications can be absorbed into the bloodstream and lead to ocular complications. They may also increase the risk of weight gain. They can cause bone mineral density loss.
In some countries, it is illegal to sell cosmetic products that contain potent steroids. This has led to a number of reports of steroid-dependent periorificial dermatitis. In fact, some of these products are not even permitted in China.
Topical corticosteroids are used to treat inflammatory skin conditions such as atopic dermatitis and urticaria. They are usually prescribed with an emollient. When used together, they can be more effective. They are also less likely to lead to chronic treatment.
Health A to Z. (n.d.). HSE.ie. https://www2.hse.ie/az/
U.S. National Library of Medicine. (n.d.). https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/
Directory Health Topics. (n.d.). https://www.healthline.com/directory/topics
Health A-Z. (2022, April 26). Verywell Health. https://www.verywellhealth.com/health-a-z-4014770
Harvard Health. (2015, November 17). Health A to Z. https://www.health.harvard.edu/health-a-to-z
Health Conditions A-Z Sitemap. (n.d.). EverydayHealth.com. https://www.everydayhealth.com/conditions/