What is Shigellosis?

Known as Shigellosis, this is an infection caused by a nonmotile, rod-shaped bacterium. It is a facultative anaerobic bacillus and is closely related to E. coli.


Symptoms of Shigellosis include abdominal pain, diarrhea, fever, and mucus in the stools. They typically last about a week but may last longer if the person’s immune system is weak. People can become infected through food or water that is contaminated with Shigella. A person with shigellosis can pass the infection to others for up to four weeks after they are feeling better. If you think you have shigellosis, you should see a doctor. If you are suffering from a severe case of shigellosis, you may need to be hospitalized. You should also receive antibiotics to treat the illness.

Most people with Shigella enteritis recover from the infection on their own. However, if the disease is severe, you may need to take antibiotics. In children, the infection can be complicated by hemolytic-uremic syndrome, which can cause fever and painful urination. In addition, some people may develop reactive arthritis after they have been infected.

Symptoms of shigellosis usually start a few days after the person has been exposed to the bacteria. You should contact your doctor if you have had diarrhea for more than three days. You should not eat or drink anything while you are infected, and you should use a barrier while you are having sex. You should also wash your hands before and after you have sex.

People who have severe disease of shigellosis may need IV fluids or medication. If you are traveling internationally, make sure you follow safe eating and drinking habits. You should also avoid drinking contaminated water, especially if you are sick. You should not be exposed to flies while you are infected.

You should not share foods, drinks, or personal items with someone who has shigellosis. You should also avoid using public restrooms. If you are in a public restroom, you should make sure you have a mask, gloves, or a towel. The surfaces of the sink and toilet should be disinfected.

You should not share diapers or soiled clothing. You should wash these items with hot water and disinfectant. You should also discard soiled clothing in a sealed garbage can. You should also wash your hands after you change your child’s diapers.


Among the many infectious diseases that are on the rise in the developed world, Shigellosis is one that is becoming more common. Shigellosis is a highly contagious infection caused by the bacteria Shigella sonnei. The most common symptoms are diarrhea and fever. This infection is usually mild and gets better on its own, but there are times when antibiotics are needed to speed up the recovery.

Infections with Shigella can be contracted from contaminated food or water. Infected people spread the infection by touching a surface or object contaminated with the bacterium and then drinking or eating the contaminated liquid or food. The infection can also be passed through sexual contact.

The symptoms of a Shigella infection include diarrhea, abdominal cramping, and fever. Those who have the disease may also experience painful urination and irritation of the eyes. The resulting inflammation can lead to chronic joint pain and arthritis. The bacteria can remain contagious for up to six weeks after an infected person has been ill.

The most common way for a person to get infected with Shigella is through close contact with someone who has the disease. However, this can be prevented by washing hands frequently and carefully with soap and water. A person’s risk of being infected is increased when there is inadequate sanitation and poor hand hygiene.

It is important to wash your hands after using the restroom and before and after eating. Children who are recovering from Shigellosis should be supervised when handwashing after a diaper change and before eating. In addition, it is important to follow CDC guidelines for cleaning and disinfecting surfaces.

If you suspect that you have the disease, do not visit vulnerable persons in an aged care facility or hospital. The infected person can still be contagious for up to a week after a diarrheal outbreak, so it is important to keep them isolated. If you are unsure of whether you have the disease, send a stool sample to the laboratory.

In the United States, about 450,000 cases of Shigellosis occur each year. In December 2014, the CDC’s National Antimicrobial Resistance Monitoring System lab identified an increase in shigellosis sonnei infections in the United States.


Symptoms of Shigellosis include fever, diarrhea, abdominal pain, abdominal cramps, and blood in stools. If you or a loved one has symptoms of shigellosis, you should consult with your doctor. The best way to avoid shigellosis is to wash your hands frequently after using the bathroom and after changing diapers.

The infection is spread by contact with infected feces and contaminated food. It is caused by the gram-negative Shigella spp. This organism causes watery diarrhea, edema, and leukocytic infiltration. It can also cause hemolytic-uremic syndrome, which is characterized by decreased urine output, fatigue, and lethargy.

The disease is a public health concern, as it is spread rapidly within families. Children are at increased risk of infection and must be monitored every 48 hours. Antibiotic treatment should start early.

The main goal of treatment for most cases of shigellosis is to combat dehydration. In the case of a severe infection, intravenous fluids may be necessary. These can be expensive, and the patient may be at increased risk for infection. Depending on the severity of the illness, some patients may need to take antibiotics.

Most people with shigellosis recover and do not have lasting effects. However, there is no effective vaccine for the infection. Researchers are working to develop a vaccine.

If your child has severe symptoms of shigellosis, you may want to bring him or her to a hospital. These infections can be difficult to treat, and the mortality rate is high. The most common patients are young children.

To diagnose shigellosis, a doctor may perform a stool culture. This is the most accurate way to determine the type of Shigella infection. You can obtain results within two days. Often, a stool culture will be negative, but if the test is positive, you will need to have a repeat stool culture performed.

If you have a shigellosis diagnosis, you can choose between taking an oral antibiotic or an intravenous antibiotic. If you need to use an intravenous antibiotic, it should be taken along with an oral antibiotic. A number of antibiotics are available, including ciprofloxacin, azithromycin, and gentamicin.

In addition to taking an oral antibiotic, you can rehydrate with an over-the-counter rehydration solution. This solution contains sodium to help increase the salt content in your blood.


Currently, there is no effective vaccine for shigellosis. However, researchers are working on new strategies to prevent shigellosis and dysentery. They are trying to develop a vaccine that can protect against all four serotypes of Shigella. These candidates include live attenuated strains, polysaccharide conjugates, and LPS-protein mixtures.

Typically, shigellosis is spread by fecal-oral transmission. People become infected when they come into contact with the feces of an infected person. The feces are then deposited in the mouth. After the person defecates, they do not wash their hands, which increases the chance of infection.

Symptoms of shigellosis include frequent bouts of watery diarrhea. They last from five to seven days. They may also involve fever and abdominal cramping. The disease is also associated with dehydration.

Infection can be treated with antibiotics, which will kill the bacteria. It is important to start treatment as soon as the symptoms begin. If the symptoms persist, it is best to consult a doctor. If you are unable to keep down food or water, call your doctor.

Shigella gastroenteritis can affect anyone. Young children are more at risk of contracting the disease. When a child has diarrhea, they are more likely to put their fingers in their mouth.

Infection is most common in children under five years of age. It is the second leading cause of death for children under five. It can be transmitted by swimming in untreated pools. It can also be caused by sewage leaks. It is best to drink treated or boiled water.

Shigella is a highly virulent pathogen that affects humans. It causes bacterial dysentery and can be passed to others in feces. Symptoms usually appear within a few days of contact. The most common symptoms are blood or mucus in stools. It can also lead to swelling and painful urination.

Infections are more common in developing countries. Several government groups are working on ways to prevent shigellosis. In the United States, about 450,000 people contract the disease each year. The Food and Drug Administration has developed a hazard analysis and critical control points system for the disease.

To prevent shigellosis, avoid swimming in untreated pools and drinking water from ponds. You should also wash your hands before eating and after changing diapers.

Health Sources:

Health A to Z. (n.d.).

U.S. National Library of Medicine. (n.d.).

Directory Health Topics. (n.d.).

Health A-Z. (2022, April 26). Verywell Health.

Harvard Health. (2015, November 17). Health A to Z.

Health Conditions A-Z Sitemap. (n.d.).

Susan Silverman

Susan Silverman

Susan Silverman is a Healthy Home Remedies Writer for Home Remedy Lifestyle! With over 10 years of experience, I've helped countless people find natural solutions to their health problems. At Home Remedy Lifestyle, we believe that knowledge is power. I am dedicated to providing our readers with trustworthy, evidence-based information about home remedies and natural medical treatments. I love finding creative ways to live a healthy and holistic lifestyle on a budget! It is my hope to empower our readers to take control of their health!

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