Peritonsillar Abscess

Having a peritonsillar abscess in your mouth can be a very serious and painful problem. There are several treatments available to you and you need to make sure that you are receiving the best care.


Typical clinical manifestations of a peritonsillar abscess include a sore throat, fever, dysphagia, odynophagia, trismus, and unilateral otalgia. The abscess forms between the superior constrictor muscle and the palatine tonsil fibrous capsule. The abscess is a localized collection of pus. Peritonsillar abscesses are frequently caused by tonsillitis. They usually occur in children and young adults.

Traditionally, the diagnosis of peritonsillar abscess has been based on clinical assessment, throat culture, and ultrasound. In addition, computed tomography (CT) has been used in cases of atypical presentations. However, computerized tomography is expensive and difficult to obtain in emergency units. This study investigated the accuracy of intraoral and transcutaneous US in patients with suspected peritonsillar abscess.

The specificity of both intraoral and transcutaneous US was evaluated in 45 patients who were referred to an otorhinolaryngology emergency department. Of these, 39 patients had clinical findings suggestive of peritonsillar abscess. The final diagnosis was made by an ENT specialist.

The specificity of transcutaneous US for the diagnosis of peritonsillar abscess was similar to that of intraoral US. However, there was no difference in accuracy between the two ultrasound exams.

A rapid test for serum S100A8/A9 levels is under development. This test has low interuser variability and can be performed in a short period of time. A negative result of the rapid test has been reported in 15% of cases. However, a positive result has been reported in 79% of cases.

Transoral drainage of peritonsillar abscess is often considered due to the potential aerosolization of SARS-CoV-2. However, this is controversial. The role of steroids in the treatment of peritonsillar infection is also under debate. Nevertheless, conservative measures can cure peritonsillitis.

The diagnosis of peritonsillar abscess can be made using systematic needle aspirations. However, needle aspiration is not always diagnostic and may lead to false negative results. It is advisable to perform systematic tonsil foss punctures to reduce this incidence.

Despite the limitations of physical examination, the use of intraoral ultrasound can help in a rapid diagnosis of peritonsillar abscess. In addition, it can help to locate the site of drainage. Surgical drainage can also be performed to treat peritonsillar abscesses.


Managing a peritonsillar abscess requires the physician to have the right training and experience. It is imperative to ensure that the correct antibiotics are used to treat the infection and that proper care is provided to minimize the risk of complications.

Treatment for peritonsillar abcess varies from a simple incision and drainage to surgery. Incision and drainage are the gold standard treatment for this type of infection, but it is not the only option. Other methods include needle aspiration and bedside intraoral ultrasound.

Needle aspiration can be performed by non-surgeons. The procedure is less invasive and requires a minimal amount of discomfort to the patient. It is also relatively inexpensive. However, it does carry the risk of false-negative scans.

Needle aspiration has been shown to provide almost immediate relief in most patients. However, it is not recommended in very young children and those with airway problems. It is important to send the pus to the lab for gram stain and culture. Surgical management is recommended in patients who do not respond to antibiotics or who have complications.

The diagnosis of a peritonsillar abcess can be made with needle aspiration. After a topical anesthetic, the physician will insert a small needle into the affected area. Benzalkonium 0.5 percent will be used to anesthetize the area. The needle is then inserted into the superior aspect of the peritonsillar space. It is recommended that a spinal needle of 18 gauge be used for this procedure.

Treatment of peritonsillar abcess should include appropriate antibiotics and drainage. Penicillin and clindamycin are common choices for treatment. However, it is possible to treat the abscess with an oral antibiotic such as metronidazole. The treatment plan should include a gram stain and culture to ensure the bacterial species is in the antibacterial spectrum.

It is important to treat a peritonsillar abcess before the infection spreads through the surrounding structures. An early diagnosis makes the treatment process easier. The antibiotic should be started according to the culture sensitivity reports. The study recommends 500 mg of metronidazole twice daily, but this may vary depending on the individual.

Recurrence rate

Despite a high incidence of peritonsillar abscess, the recurrence rate of this infection has not been well studied. There are many factors that may contribute to the recurrence rate of peritonsillar abscess. Some of the factors include age, prior tonsillitis, antibiotic treatment, and drug treatment. These factors were analyzed in a Cox proportional hazard model to evaluate risk factors for recurrence. The results indicate that younger children are at high risk for recurrence and that the risk is higher in those that have recurrent tonsillitis.

In order to determine the recurrence rate of a peritonsillar abscess, a national audit was conducted. A review of clinical data for the Kids’ Inpatient Database, which contains records of children admitted to the hospital, was performed. This database reported an increase in retropharyngeal and parapharyngeal abscesses over the past few years. However, the rate of recurrent peritonsillar abscesses was not statistically significant.

In another study, the incidence of peritonsillar abscess in patients with and without tonsillectomy was compared. The results indicated that patients without tonsillectomy had an 11.7% recurrence rate. The authors of the study concluded that an elective tonsillectomy may be necessary for some patients at high risk of recurrence.

The findings also indicated that younger children were more likely to require admission. Younger children were also more likely to require negative surgical drainage. Younger children may also require admission for correct dehydration. This may also explain the low rate of T+.

Treatment modalities for peritonsillar abscesses include antibiotics and needle aspiration. Treatments can be done either inpatient or outpatient. In most cases, needle aspiration is a successful treatment option. However, some children may be unable to tolerate needle aspiration. Therefore, they may require admission for intravenous antibiotics.

Other treatment options include the use of intraoral ultrasound and corticosteroids. Patients who received corticosteroids showed significant improvement in their recovery. In addition, the duration of hospitalization was reduced. In addition, patients receiving corticosteroids showed improvements in trismus, fever, and re-hospitalization.

It is important to remember that the recurrence rate of retropharyngeal abscess is based on clinical observation and that more studies are needed to determine the risks and benefits of treatment.


Typical symptoms of peritonsillar abcess include odynophagia, unilateral otalgia, and trismus. These symptoms can lead to aspiration pneumonia and respiratory distress. These complications can be serious and even life-threatening. So, if you have any symptoms of peritonsillar abscess, consult a healthcare provider immediately.

A peritonsillar abscess can develop in patients with acute tonsillitis. It is caused by a bacterial infection of the minor salivary glands of the Weber. There are a number of different bacterial species that can cause a peritonsillar abscess. Most commonly, Group A beta-hemolytic streptococci are the pathogens. If the bacteria are isolated, the appropriate antibiotics should be added to the patient’s treatment regimen. Surgical drainage is a possible procedure to treat peritonsillar abscesses.

The incidence of peritonsillar abscess is approximately 30 cases per 100,000 patients. This infection usually presents with unilateral otalgia, deviation of the uvula, and odynophagia. It is common in children and young adults. However, it can also occur in elderly patients.

A peritonsillar abscess occurs when purulent exudate collects in the tonsillar capsule. It may be caused by infection of the Weber glands, the pterygoid muscles, or the lateral constrictor muscle. It may also involve the retropharyngeal and parapharyngeal spaces.

Treatment is usually aggressive, including antibiotic therapy. Antibiotics are administered either orally or intravenously. If gram-negative bacteria are isolated, the appropriate antibiotics should also be included in the treatment regimen. In addition, patients should receive close airway observation after needle aspiration.

The primary goal of peritonsillar abscess treatment is to provide quick resolution and prevent a recurrence. This is achieved through immediate securing of the abscess and appropriate antibiotics. Depending on the type of bacteria, the antibiotics may be empirical or empirical plus surgery. If the abscess is bilateral, the physician may perform needle aspiration and drainage.

Treatment of peritonsillar abscess may include securing the abscess, drainage, and tonsillectomy. This procedure is not often performed, but it is considered in rare cases. However, it is not recommended as a first-line treatment. This procedure can lead to bleeding and can puncture the carotid artery.

Treatment of peritonsillar infection should be aggressive because it can quickly progress to other complications. In addition to the complications mentioned above, other possible complications include Lemierre’s syndrome and pseudoaneurysm of the internal carotid artery.

Health Sources:

Health A to Z. (n.d.).

U.S. National Library of Medicine. (n.d.).

Directory Health Topics. (n.d.).

Health A-Z. (2022, April 26). Verywell Health.

Harvard Health. (2015, November 17). Health A to Z.

Health Conditions A-Z Sitemap. (n.d.).

Susan Silverman

Susan Silverman

Susan Silverman is a Healthy Home Remedies Writer for Home Remedy Lifestyle! With over 10 years of experience, I've helped countless people find natural solutions to their health problems. At Home Remedy Lifestyle, we believe that knowledge is power. I am dedicated to providing our readers with trustworthy, evidence-based information about home remedies and natural medical treatments. I love finding creative ways to live a healthy and holistic lifestyle on a budget! It is my hope to empower our readers to take control of their health!

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