Pelvic Organ Prolapse

Treatments For Pelvic Organ Prolapse

Having pelvic organ prolapse can cause a wide variety of problems. Usually, the condition is caused by a swollen or weakened pelvic bone. The condition can also be caused by an infection in the pelvic area. There are also treatments that can be used for these conditions.

Anterior vaginal wall prolapse

Surgical treatment of pelvic organ prolapse (POP) involves a variety of options. These options vary depending on the symptoms and severity of the prolapse. The goal of prolapse management is to provide long-term relief and improve quality of life.

Prolapse is a common condition that affects women. It causes discomfort, difficulty passing urine, and other symptoms. The bladder, urethra, rectum, and kidneys may be affected.

Prolapse is most commonly found in the anterior compartment of the pelvis. Women are at risk for this condition when their pelvic floor connective tissues weaken or are exposed to trauma during childbirth.

Pelvic organ prolapse is a condition that affects the bladder, urethra, and rectum. It is caused by a number of factors, including pregnancy, heavy lifting, smoking, and long-term health conditions such as constipation.

The most common type of female prolapse is the cystocele. The rectum drops from the pelvis, creating a bulging sensation. Prolapse may also occur after childbirth.

In the past, doctors thought that displacement cystocele was caused by pathologic detachment of the anterior lateral vaginal supports. However, it is unclear whether this is the cause.

Vaginal native tissue repairs are a relatively low-risk surgery. Patients who undergo these procedures have improved outcomes. However, the use of animal tissue or synthetic mesh has been banned by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA).

A vaginal hysterectomy is a surgery that is effective in preventing and treating pelvic organ prolapse. Women who undergo this surgery may also need a pelvic ultrasound to have a better view of their pelvic organs.

Vaginal pessaries are also an option for symptomatic treatment. Pessaries are inflatable and are fitted by healthcare professionals. However, if they are not correctly sized, they can cause vaginal ulceration.


Often, urethrocele is associated with pelvic organ prolapses. Pelvic organ prolapses are a group of conditions where a woman’s organ is protruded outside of the body.

Pelvic organ prolapses include rectum prolapse, urethra prolapse, and enterocele. A urethrocele is a protrusion of the urethra, the tube that carries urine from the bladder to the outside of the body. Pelvic organ prolapses may also be associated with urinary incontinence.

Pelvic organ prolapses occur when the muscles and tissues of the pelvic floor weaken and stretch. These muscles and tissues hold the organ in place, controlling the flow of urine. When they are weak, the organ can protrude and cause urinary incontinence.

Pelvic floor muscles can weaken and stretch with age, pregnancy, childbirth, or surgery. Pelvic floor muscles can also be damaged from smoking. It is important to keep your pelvic floor muscles healthy by exercising and quitting smoking.

Pelvic organ prolapses can cause urinary incontinence, as well as recurrent urinary tract infections. It is important to get treatment for any prolapse, as the longer it is left untreated, the more likely it is to recur.

Pelvic floor exercises such as Kegels can help strengthen your pelvic muscles. These exercises can be performed anytime. You can also perform yoga exercises to help keep your pelvic floor muscles healthy.

Surgery for urethroceles can be performed, depending on the severity of the condition. Most urethrocele prolapse surgeries are performed under general anesthesia. A catheter is usually inserted during the surgery. After the surgery, most women will need to return to their doctors to have the catheter removed. Most urethrocele prolapse patients will return to normal within 4 to 6 weeks.


Currently, a large number of surgeries are performed for pelvic organ prolapse. These operations include vaginal hysterectomy with uterosacral ligament suspension (VHS), sacrospinous hysteropexy, and laparoscopic hysteropexy.

Hysteropexy is a surgical procedure that involves the placement of a mesh on the vaginal wall from the inside. The purpose of this study was to identify the risk factors for objective failure after surgery.

Twenty-two women with pelvic organ prolapse were assessed. They were categorized into two groups – the hysterectomy group and the sacrospinous hysteropexy group. The following characteristics were measured: vaginal length, body mass index, uterine volume, total vaginal length, parity, preoperative POP-Q stage, smoking, concurrent mid-urethral procedures, and postoperative success. Approximately one-third of the women were excluded for various reasons.

The results showed that the two groups had similar anatomical parameters. However, the total vaginal length was shorter in the hysterectomy group. However, the number of recurrent cases was lower in the hysterectomy group.

In addition, the subjective assessment of urination performance showed significant improvements in frequency and urge incontinence. There was no statistically significant difference in the overall sexual quality of the two groups. However, a 12.5% increase in sexual activity was found in the hysterectomy group.

The study was approved by the PLA General Hospital ethics review board. In addition, all patients provided informed consent. The surgeon and patient jointly decided on the TVM to be used. The TVM is a permanent mesh made of polypropylene.

The results of this study show that sacrospinous hysteropexy, laparoscopic hysteropexy, and robot-assisted laparoscopic sacrohysteropexy are safe and feasible surgical procedures for pelvic organ prolapse patients. However, more studies are needed to determine the effectiveness of each approach.

Laparoscopic colposuspension

Surgical treatment for pelvic organ prolapse (POP) includes a wide range of approaches. The surgical goals include no anatomic prolapse, no functional symptoms, and avoiding complications. Achieving these goals requires sound surgical judgment.

Several studies have demonstrated the feasibility of minimally invasive laparoscopic techniques for pelvic reconstructive surgery. However, data comparisons between procedures require objective measures of outcome. In addition, short-term follow-up is limited, and longer-term investigations are needed to validate the results of short-term studies.

Burch colposuspension is a surgical procedure to treat pelvic organ prolapse. It differs from standard laparoscopic surgeries in that it uses monopolar scissors rather than bipolar scissors. It is performed through four keyhole incisions across the mid-abdomen. In addition, the procedure involves placing gauze vaginal packing at the end of the procedure.

Burch colposuspension results in good postoperative outcomes. However, it is associated with a relatively high rate of posterior compartment prolapse. This may be due to the patient’s positioning during the procedure. However, the risk of this complication is lower than that of open surgery.

Loveridge and co-workers performed a retrospective analysis of 49 consecutive patients with Burch colposuspensions. They compared the objective and subjective outcomes of laparoscopic colposuspension with those of tension-free vaginal tape procedures. They also noted no significant difference in overall costs.

Loveridge and co-workers also compared the complication rates of laparoscopic and open surgery. Overall, they found that the complication rates of open surgery were higher than those of laparoscopic surgery. However, they found that when patients were matched for years, the complication rates were comparable.

In addition to the advantages of laparoscopic colposuspension, the procedure is also associated with lower blood loss than open surgery. In fact, blood loss is usually less than 200 cc. Surgical transfusions are rarely required.

Treatment options

Surgical and nonsurgical treatment options for pelvic organ prolapse can help control symptoms and alleviate pain. The treatments vary by the type of prolapse and its location. It’s best to discuss treatment options with your doctor.

Pelvic organ prolapse occurs when the pelvic floor tissues weaken, allowing the pelvic organs to droop into the vagina. Prolapse can be caused by many factors, such as age, obesity, and pregnancy. It can also be caused by genetics.

If the condition is not severe, nonsurgical treatment options can be effective. These treatments include pelvic floor physical therapy, biofeedback, and lifestyle changes. However, they may not be enough to address the underlying cause.

If the condition is severe, surgery can be recommended. Surgery can be done to repair the prolapsed tissue or to reposition the pelvic organs. Surgery is usually performed under general anesthesia, and the patient will not feel any pain.

Pelvic organ prolapse surgery may be performed through a minimally invasive approach, which involves making smaller incisions. This approach may be robotic or laparoscopic. During the procedure, the woman will be asleep and the doctor will insert a synthetic mesh into the vagina.

Pelvic organ prolapse can also be diagnosed by an imaging test. An MRI or pelvic X-ray can help the doctor to see the pelvic organs and bladder. This test can also detect if there is intussusception or enterocele.

Pelvic floor physical therapy can help relieve symptoms and increase blood flow to the pelvic area. Kegel exercises, which work on strengthening the muscles, can also help.

Pelvic organ prolapse may be caused by obesity or pregnancy. It can also be caused by pelvic floor muscle spasms. Pelvic floor muscle spasms can lead to uncomfortable intercourse, painful sex, and urination problems.

Health Sources:

Health A to Z. (n.d.).

U.S. National Library of Medicine. (n.d.).

Directory Health Topics. (n.d.).

Health A-Z. (2022, April 26). Verywell Health.

Harvard Health. (2015, November 17). Health A to Z.

Health Conditions A-Z Sitemap. (n.d.).

Susan Silverman

Susan Silverman

Susan Silverman is a Healthy Home Remedies Writer for Home Remedy Lifestyle! With over 10 years of experience, I've helped countless people find natural solutions to their health problems. At Home Remedy Lifestyle, we believe that knowledge is power. I am dedicated to providing our readers with trustworthy, evidence-based information about home remedies and natural medical treatments. I love finding creative ways to live a healthy and holistic lifestyle on a budget! It is my hope to empower our readers to take control of their health!

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