Pelvic Exam

What Happens During a Pelvic Exam?

During your pelvic exam, your doctor will perform an evaluation of your urinary and female reproductive symptoms. Some of the tests that your doctor may perform include: External visual exam, Speculum, Pap smear, and Rectal exam. If you have any questions or want to schedule an appointment, you can contact your healthcare provider.

Pap smear

A Pap smear is a test used to look for early signs of cervical cancer. It is also used to check for sexually transmitted diseases and other conditions. This test is commonly performed during pelvic exams, which are a series of exams that examine the female reproductive system.

A Pap smear for the pelvic exam is usually performed in the doctor’s office. Before the test, the patient will be asked to remove any vaginal products for at least two days. A woman will be asked to lie on her back with her knees bent and her feet in stirrups. The doctor may also ask her to wear a hospital gown.

The test takes about a few minutes. The doctor will insert a speculum into the vagina and then gently scrape cells from the cervix. These cells will be collected and sent to the lab for testing. The doctor will then examine the cells for abnormalities or pre-cancers.

The Pap smear test does not always indicate cervical cancer, but it is an effective screening method for this condition. When Pap smear results show abnormal cells, additional diagnostic testing may be necessary.

The test is uncomfortable, but not painful. It may feel a little stinging, and pressure may be felt in the vagina and abdomen. A woman may feel light bleeding after the test. It is important to tell the doctor if any discomfort continues.

Pap smears can be done at the same time as a test for the human papillomavirus, which is a common STD. HPV increases the risk of cervical cancer. The HPV virus can be dormant for years, and then suddenly become active. The test can help prevent cervical cancer.

Rectal exam

During a pelvic exam, a healthcare provider will perform a thorough check on the woman’s reproductive system. These organs include the ovaries, fallopian tubes, vulva, and rectum. Symptoms of STIs, such as chlamydia, syphilis, and gonorrhea, may be detected during the exam. A pelvic exam may also be used to detect ovarian cancer.

During a pelvic exam, gynecologists may use a gloved finger to feel the pelvic area for symptoms such as changes in bowel movements, hemorrhoids, and masses. If the doctor finds a mass or change in bowel movement, he or she will probably do a digital rectal exam to determine the cause of the symptoms.

During a digital rectal exam, the health care provider will ask the patient to lie on her side. She will then remove underwear and clothing below her waist. The clinician will then insert the finger through the anus into the rectum, where it is covered with lubricant.

The clinician may also perform a bimanual exam. In this exam, the clinician places her left hand into the vagina and her index finger into the rectum. This can be a quick and easy exam, but it can also be embarrassing.

Before undergoing a pelvic exam, the patient should refrain from sexual activity for 24 hours. Some healthcare providers will advise the patient to use laxatives before the exam. The doctor may also recommend relaxation techniques.

After completing the exam, the clinician will do a Pap smear. The smear is then transferred to a slide for microscopic analysis. In addition, the provider will check for anal fissures, atrophic vaginitis, and a prolapsed bladder. The clinician may also recommend an additional lubricant.

External visual exam

During a pelvic exam, your healthcare provider will examine your genitalia in order to check for health issues. The exam can include checking the vagina for any swelling or irritation, detecting sexually transmitted diseases (STIs), and looking for tumors or other abnormalities.

Pelvic exams are typically painless. You will be instructed to lie on your back and place your feet in stirrups. You will also need to spread your knees apart. This will reduce the pressure that you will experience during the exam.

When you are in the doctor’s office for a pelvic exam, you may want to bring along a friend or partner to help you with the exam. You may also want to write down any questions that you have beforehand. This will help your doctor make sure that you are comfortable and understand what to expect.

During a pelvic exam, your health care provider will examine your genitalia, including the cervix, vagina, vulva, and rectum. Your provider may also check for any atypical vaginal discharge. During the exam, your provider may collect a swab for testing to see if you have a sexually transmitted infection or cancer.

The pelvic exam is an important part of your annual well-woman visit. Your provider may also perform a breast exam. Your provider may also want to do a Pap test. This test will collect cervical cells to determine whether you have an STI or precancer of the cervix.

Although the pelvic exam is painless, you may feel some discomfort during the exam. The best way to help with this is to stay calm and relaxed. You may also want to make sure that your bladder is empty before the exam.


Performing a pelvic exam can be an unpleasant experience for some women. This is because the exam can cause contractions in the vaginal walls. If a woman has a history of sexual trauma, the exam may be more uncomfortable.

Pelvic exams should be performed by a doctor trained in pelvic exams. The speculum is an important part of the exam. The speculum is a thin piece of metal or plastic that is inserted into the vagina. The speculum is then gently opened. After the exam is complete, the speculum is gently closed.

The speculum has been around for nearly two centuries. There have been several designs. The first modern speculum was the Sims Speculum. It was designed by Edward Gabriel Cusco in 1870. A few years later, Thomas Graves improved the design.

In the 2000s, several manufacturers introduced different specular. The most common ones are made of metal. But newer designs include plastic versions. These devices have received positive feedback from gynecology professionals.

Before a pelvic exam, the speculum should be warmed. This will help to relax the vaginal walls. Also, it is important to take deep breaths. These deep breaths will help to relieve tense muscles.

Some women have a hard time putting the speculum in. This may cause them to need a second attempt. It is also important to speak up if you experience pain during the procedure.

During the exam, the doctor will need to feel the uterus, the ovaries, and the vagina. If the vagina is too thin, it can be uncomfortable. If the cervix is too deep, the doctor may not be able to see it.

In addition, a pelvic exam can be uncomfortable for women with vaginismus. This is because the speculum can cause the vagina to contract.

Schedule a meet-and-greet with your healthcare provider

Performing a pelvic exam is important to your health. It allows you to check for abnormalities, including pre-cancer and sexually transmitted infections (STIs). You might also be asked to do a breast exam. You should ask your healthcare provider about the best time to perform this test.

If you have never had a pelvic exam, you might feel a bit nervous. The procedure takes a few minutes, and you should be able to expect little to no discomfort. However, you might feel a little lightheaded afterward.

The most obvious way to get through a pelvic exam is to relax your stomach and legs. You should also urinate before you have your exam.

You will likely be asked to lie on your back. You may also be asked to remove your clothes. You may also be asked to put on a speculum.

The speculum is a duck-billed-shaped device that is inserted into the vagina. The doctor uses it to open up the vagina wall and expose the cervix. The cervix is the muscle that opens the uterus.

You will be asked to remove your clothes in private, and then you will be asked to lie down on the exam table. You will then be asked to place your feet in stirrup heel holders.

The speculum is used in conjunction with the vaginal slit, which is used to examine the vagina and check for irregularities. You may also be asked to remove tissue from the cervix to send to the lab for analysis.

The Pap test is a screening test that can reveal pre-cancerous cells in the cervix. The Pap test is the best defense against cervical cancer.

Health Sources:

Health A to Z. (n.d.).

U.S. National Library of Medicine. (n.d.).

Directory Health Topics. (n.d.).

Health A-Z. (2022, April 26). Verywell Health.

Harvard Health. (2015, November 17). Health A to Z.

Health Conditions A-Z Sitemap. (n.d.).

Susan Silverman

Susan Silverman

Susan Silverman is a Healthy Home Remedies Writer for Home Remedy Lifestyle! With over 10 years of experience, I've helped countless people find natural solutions to their health problems. At Home Remedy Lifestyle, we believe that knowledge is power. I am dedicated to providing our readers with trustworthy, evidence-based information about home remedies and natural medical treatments. I love finding creative ways to live a healthy and holistic lifestyle on a budget! It is my hope to empower our readers to take control of their health!

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