Osteoarthritis Treatments

Regardless of whether you’re suffering from Osteoarthritis or you’re just trying to avoid it, there are a few things you should know. From the medications you can take to the treatments you can undergo, you’ll want to know what’s out there.


Managing osteoarthritis is important to reduce pain, improve joint function, and improve quality of life. There are several treatment options available, including prescription drugs and nonsurgical procedures. Each treatment option should be discussed with your healthcare professional.

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as aspirin, ibuprofen, and naproxen can help reduce pain and swelling. These medications can be taken orally or applied directly to the affected joint. Some of these drugs are available over the counter, while others require a prescription.

Cortisone injections can also reduce inflammation and joint swelling. These drugs can be administered orally or directly into the joint by a physician.

Physical therapy can also be very helpful in managing osteoarthritis. A physical therapist can provide exercises that are targeted to a particular joint. These exercises can help to strengthen muscles around the joint. Physical therapists also evaluate the motion of the joint and may recommend assistive devices.

X-rays can be helpful in diagnosing osteoarthritis and determining the severity of the disease. Your doctor can also describe the likely outcomes of treatment.

Physical therapy can be used in conjunction with other treatments to reduce joint stress and inflammation. Exercises can be done at home or at a gym. These exercises can also strengthen muscles around the joint and improve the range of motion. Physical therapists may also suggest assistive devices such as walking aids, splints, or orthotics.

A therapist can also show you how to modify your daily activities to avoid aggravating your condition. These modifications can include losing weight, strengthening muscles around the joint, and improving the range of motion.

Acupuncture can also help to relieve pain associated with osteoarthritis. Acupuncture is used to increase blood flow to the affected area, which can help to reduce pain.


NSAIDs for osteoarthritis are a common treatment option. They are a class of drugs that inhibit chondrocyte proliferation, inhibit collagen synthesis, and inhibit the synthesis of cellular matrix components, such as glycosaminoglycan. They are also reversible inhibitors of prostaglandins, which play a key role in inflammatory processes.

Osteoarthritis is a chronic degenerative joint disease, characterized by localized areas of loss of articular cartilage in joints. Osteoarthritis is usually accompanied by subchondral bone changes, thickening of the joint capsule, and osteophytes at the joint margins. The joint repair process can be inadequate to repair the joint, resulting in temporary symptom-free joints.

NSAIDs for osteoarthritis have no beneficial effects on the cartilage matrix, but have adverse effects on articular cartilage. They accelerate the breakdown of articular cartilage and may cause kidney damage. NSAIDs can also reduce the synthesis of glycosaminoglycan, a component of articular cartilage, accelerating its deterioration.

In order to limit systemic adverse effects, topical NSAIDs are applied directly to the painful site. The topical concentration of the drug is lower than that of the oral NSAID. It is also important that the topical concentration of the drug is high enough to inhibit the cyclooxygenase enzymes.

Topical NSAIDs are useful in osteoarthritis patients who can’t tolerate oral NSAIDs. However, they are not suitable for deep visceral pain or open wounds.

Topical NSAIDs may also decrease the occurrence of local skin reactions. However, emerging evidence suggests that some of these effects may be due to the carrier.

Aspirin, ibuprofen, and naproxen are among the most common drugs for osteoarthritis. They are available over the counter or by prescription. NSAIDs should only be used under the supervision of a physician. They can also cause stomach pain, fluid retention, bleeding, and kidney problems.


Increasing evidence suggests that acupuncture for osteoarthritis is an effective therapy. The pain relief provided by acupuncture may be temporary, but patients report relief after just a few sessions. Acupuncture has also been shown to improve physical function.

Acupuncture is a safe and minimally invasive treatment that is used in China and other parts of Asia. The acupuncturist places needles at specific points on the body to restore the flow of energy along pathways called meridians. Several systematic reviews have found that acupuncture can be effective for pain relief.

Studies that tested acupuncture as part of an osteoarthritis treatment program reported that acupuncture was effective at reducing pain and improving physical function. The effectiveness of acupuncture was also reported in trials that compared acupuncture to sham intervention.

Acupuncture for osteoarthritis may have benefits for patients with knee and hip osteoarthritis. Patients may experience pain reduction, better mobility, reduction in medication, and reduced hospitalization.

In a recent review, researchers found that patients with knee osteoarthritis experienced a statistically significant reduction in pain intensity. The study also found that patients reported a significant improvement in health-related quality of life. This improved quality of life was also associated with improved functional mobility.

Acupuncture for osteoarthritis has been a proven effective therapy for patients suffering from knee and hip osteoarthritis. However, there are still many uncertainties about the long-term benefits of acupuncture for osteoarthritis.

A systematic review was conducted to investigate the efficacy of acupuncture for osteoarthritis. Two reviewers independently identified randomized controlled trials (RCTs) from multiple electronic sources. They performed searches on Medline, Web of Science, AMED, and the British Nursing Index. The resulting network meta-analysis included 16 RCTs.

Joint aspiration

During joint aspiration, a doctor uses a syringe to draw out a sample of fluid from the joint. The fluid can be used to diagnose and treat various types of joint problems. It can also help diagnose septic arthritis.

Joint aspiration is a relatively simple procedure that takes only a few minutes. During the procedure, a doctor will numb the area with a local anesthetic. A steroid drug may also be injected into the joint to reduce pain. This can also slow the return of excess fluid.

A large gauge, sharp needle is usually used. Some doctors use a spinal needle for deeper joints. A sterile bandage will be applied to the area after the procedure.

In the days after the procedure, the area where the needle was inserted may feel sore. Patients may be instructed to avoid strenuous activity for 24 hours.

Joint aspiration can be performed at home, in a hospital, or at a doctor’s office. Patients should be prepared for the procedure and ask any questions they have.

Joint aspiration is a diagnostic procedure that may ease pain and reduce swelling in the joint. However, it can also produce false-positive results. It is important to get the proper diagnosis as soon as possible.

Joint aspiration is usually painless, but it can cause discomfort for a few days. Pain may be decreased by topical anesthetics, and patients may be instructed to avoid jumping or lifting heavy objects for a few days.

In some cases, corticosteroids may be injected into the joint to reduce inflammation. The medicine may also reduce pain and improve joint function. It is important to talk with a doctor about your options for treating arthritis.


Surgical treatments for osteoarthritis aim to reduce pain and disability while improving functional status and quality of life. Treatments should be tailored to the patient’s level of activity, occupational needs, and coexisting medical conditions.

Surgery for osteoarthritis involves a number of procedures. A doctor may recommend surgery if non-surgical treatments fail, or if a patient has severe pain. Surgery is also a viable treatment option for patients who have arthritis in several body parts.

Knee replacement surgery (arthroplasty) is a surgical procedure that replaces the damaged cartilage and bone in the knee joint. This procedure is often performed to eliminate chronic pain and reduce stiffness. The surgery allows patients to return to their normal activities without constant pain.

Another type of surgery for osteoarthritis is osteotomy, which involves realigning the joint by adding a wedge of bone. This procedure is not as effective as joint replacement surgery, but it can reduce pain.

Another type of surgery is joint fusion, which involves joining two or more bones together. This procedure is usually done at the L3-L4 segment. The fusion will relieve pain, but it will also limit the ability to move the joint. This surgery is not recommended for patients with osteoarthritis of the spine. It may strain other joints in the area.

In addition to surgery, osteoarthritis patients may need to make lifestyle changes to reduce stress on the joint and maintain muscle strength. These changes include weight loss and physical therapy. Patients may also try natural remedies to reduce inflammation.

The best non-surgical treatment for osteoarthritis is exercise, medications, and lifestyle changes. Patients should follow treatment recommendations carefully. For severe pain, antidepressants may be prescribed. Injections of corticosteroids can also help.

Health Sources:

Health A to Z. (n.d.). HSE.ie. https://www2.hse.ie/az/

U.S. National Library of Medicine. (n.d.). https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/

Directory Health Topics. (n.d.). https://www.healthline.com/directory/topics

Health A-Z. (2022, April 26). Verywell Health. https://www.verywellhealth.com/health-a-z-4014770

Harvard Health. (2015, November 17). Health A to Z. https://www.health.harvard.edu/health-a-to-z

Health Conditions A-Z Sitemap. (n.d.). EverydayHealth.com. https://www.everydayhealth.com/conditions/

Susan Silverman

Susan Silverman

Susan Silverman is a Healthy Home Remedies Writer for Home Remedy Lifestyle! With over 10 years of experience, I've helped countless people find natural solutions to their health problems. At Home Remedy Lifestyle, we believe that knowledge is power. I am dedicated to providing our readers with trustworthy, evidence-based information about home remedies and natural medical treatments. I love finding creative ways to live a healthy and holistic lifestyle on a budget! It is my hope to empower our readers to take control of their health!

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