Oral Cancer Symptoms, Treatment Options, and Death Rate
Getting a diagnosis of Oral Cancer can be a frightening situation. Fortunately, there are many resources available to help patients get the information they need. This article explores the symptoms, treatment options, and death rates associated with the disease.
Symptoms of oral cancer vary depending on the stage of the disease and the location of the tumor. Some of the symptoms include lumps, sores, and growths. If not detected early, cancer can spread to other parts of the body. Some people with oral cancer may also have breathing problems.
If you experience any of the symptoms mentioned above, you should make an appointment with your dentist right away. A dentist will be able to diagnose and treat your oral cancer. If you are diagnosed with oral cancer, you may also need to undergo surgery to remove the tumor.
Some of the early symptoms of oral cancer include red or white patches in your mouth. These patches are the result of abnormal cell growth. They may also bleed if scraped. This is called erythroleukoplakia.
You may also experience persistent pain or a change in your voice. If these symptoms occur for more than two weeks, they may be an early warning sign of oral cancer. You should also be aware that some of these symptoms can be mistaken for toothaches.
The most common symptoms of oral cancer include sores, lumps, and growths. These symptoms may appear anywhere in your mouth, including the lips, gums, cheeks, and tongue. They may also cause difficulty chewing and swallowing.
If you have a lump or lesion in your mouth, you should see a dentist right away. You may also need a biopsy, which is a procedure to remove tissue samples from your body. This biopsy may be necessary to accurately diagnose your symptoms.
There are three stages of oral cancer. Stage one is characterized by tumors that are 2 cm or smaller. Stage two is characterized by tumors that are larger than 2 cm but no larger than 4 cm. Stage three is characterized by tumors that are larger and that have spread to the lymph nodes. Stage four is characterized by tumors that are larger but that have not spread to any nearby lymph nodes.
Oral cancer is a very serious disease. If left untreated, it can lead to death.
Getting an early diagnosis of oral cancer can be life-saving. Symptoms include lumps and growths in the mouth, red patches or white patches in the mouth, and an enlarged lymph node in the neck. A biopsy is usually performed to examine the growth and determine if cancerous cells are present.
A special instrument called a punch biopsy is used to remove a small, round piece of growth from the mouth. The sample is then analyzed by a pathologist. In some cases, the sample may be tested for human papillomavirus.
In addition to the biopsy, a CT scan and PET scan may be performed to identify whether cancer has spread. A PET scan uses radioactive glucose to help make the cancer cells visible in the scan.
A CT scan uses X-rays and computer technology to create cross-sectional images of the body. An MRI uses a magnetic field to create images of the body. These tests can be used to determine whether oral cancer has spread.
In addition to these tests, a biopsy may be performed to remove a sample of cancerous cells from the mouth. This sample is then examined under a microscope.
Oral cancer is caused by mutations in the DNA that stimulate abnormal cell growth. This type of cancer can affect any part of the mouth, including the lips, tongue, cheeks, and hard and soft palates. The risk of oral cancer increases as people age. Men are at higher risk than women. Those who smoke, drink, and have frequent sun exposure are also at higher risk.
The goal of an early detection program is to identify at-risk individuals. This requires knowledge about PMDs and other factors that increase risk. It also requires good knowledge of early signs, symptoms, and treatment options.
A growing body of research is investigating new technologies and therapies to increase the chances of early detection. These include a microchip sensor that can identify oral cancer in cell samples.
An MRI scan can also be used to identify oral cancer that has spread. The MRI uses a special dye to enhance the images.
Depending on the type and stage of oral cancer, treatment options can include surgery, radiation, chemotherapy, and targeted therapy. These treatments may be used alone or in combination to treat cancer. The goal of each type of treatment is to control cancer or to alleviate symptoms.
Surgery is usually the first line of treatment for most types of oral cancer. A surgeon removes the tumor and any surrounding tissue. Depending on the location of the tumor, the surgeon may need to rebuild the muscles, bone, and blood vessels that were damaged. The surgeon may also need to place dental implants to replace damaged natural teeth.
Radiation therapy is a treatment for early-stage oral cancer. It involves sending high-energy X-rays or proton beams into the body. The beams kill cancer cells. Radiation therapy is usually used in conjunction with chemotherapy.
Chemotherapy is another oral cancer treatment that uses drugs to kill cancer cells. The drugs may be given orally or intravenously. Chemotherapy may cause side effects, including hair loss, nausea, and vomiting.
Aside from surgery and chemotherapy, other treatments for mouth cancer include targeted therapy and immunotherapy. Targeted therapy attacks only cancer cells, while immunotherapy strengthens the immune system. Both treatments can be effective in early-stage mouth cancer. However, immunotherapy is not usually used for late-stage oral cancer.
Chemotherapy is usually used to treat advanced mouth cancer. The cancer cells may have spread to other parts of the body. Cancer cells in stage IV tumors are larger than four centimeters. In this stage, cancer cells have spread to one or more lymph nodes. In addition, the cancer cells may have spread to other tissues.
Radiation therapy is also used in advanced-stage mouth cancer. It destroys cancer cells, and can also shrink tumors before surgery. The therapy can last for up to eight weeks.
Surgery is used to treat advanced-stage oral cancer. It may include removing cancerous lymph nodes, as well as surrounding tissue. The surgeon may also rebuild the skin, muscles, and bones that were affected by surgery. A reconstructive surgeon may also reconstruct blood vessels and nerves.
Almost one North American dies of oral cancer each hour of the day. Cancer typically affects the lips, tongue, larynx, salivary glands, throat, and esophagus. It is caused by abnormal cell growth. Cancer can spread to the lymph nodes and other parts of the body.
Oral cancer is one of the deadliest cancers in the United States. It is estimated that approximately 9,750 people die from it each year. The rate of new cases has been on a rise in the last decade. The increase is largely due to the increase in the number of HPV-related cancers. It is also linked to cigarette smoking.
The highest death rate is among those in the 55-64 age group. Another risk factor is low fruit and vegetable diets. People with a history of heavy alcohol use also run a higher risk.
Men are twice as likely to be diagnosed with oral cancer as women. Men are also more likely to be diagnosed with HPV-related cancers. These cancers are often discovered in the late stages. The five-year survival rate for these types of cancers is only around 40%.
Although the risk factors associated with oral cancer are many, the most important thing to do is to undergo regular screening. This will prevent late diagnosis and help to increase your chances of surviving the disease.
One reason for the high rate of death from oral cancer is the lack of awareness. Many people are diagnosed with the disease after cancer has already spread to other parts of the body. It is also harder to treat cancer in the later stages. Fortunately, the rate of death from oral cancer has been decreasing over the past 30 years.
Approximately 40 percent of those who are diagnosed with oral cancer do not survive the first five years. The five-year survival rate for Black people is 51%, while the 5-year survival rate for White people is 69%. Among those who survive the five-year period, 68% survive for at least six years.
Oral cancer is not difficult to diagnose. Approximately 28% of all oropharyngeal cancers are diagnosed in the early stages. This is important because this allows time for treatment.
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