What is Neurofibromatosis?

Basically, Neurofibromatosis is a disease that afflicts the nervous system. It affects many different types of people, but its primary symptoms are pain, stiffness, and swelling. The disease also has a variety of different causes and treatments.


Symptoms of neurofibromatosis may vary but can include learning difficulties, short stature, balance and swallowing problems, and neurologic problems. They also may include a buildup of excess fluid in the brain. Symptoms of neurofibromatosis usually start during childhood. It is estimated that half of the people with the disorder inherit the disorder from a parent. The other half have the disorder spontaneously.

There are three main types of neurofibromatosis: peripheral neurofibromatosis (PNF), schwannomatosis, and von Recklinghausen disease. Each type is caused by a specific gene. Neurofibromatosis symptoms vary according to the type of mutation.

People with neurofibromatosis have a high risk of developing other disorders. They may have problems with short-term memory, spatial awareness, and coordination. They may also experience problems with vision and hearing. Symptoms of neurofibromatosis can be mild or severe, depending on the type of mutation. Some children develop scoliosis, which can cause their bones to bow out. Surgery may be required to correct the condition.

People with neurofibromatosis may also develop meningiomas, which are benign tumors that form in the iris or on the surface of the brain. Other tumors may develop in the head, neck, and spinal cord. These tumors may impinge on a nerve, causing numbness, weakness, and pain. If the tumor is in the head, it can cause problems with speech. The tumors may also cause vision problems. Surgical removal of the tumors may be required.

Some people with neurofibromatosis may develop a condition called tibial dysplasia, which can cause the shin bone to bow out. A condition called kyphoscoliosis may also develop, which can cause rib deformities. Other conditions include acoustic neuromas, which grow on the nerves that connect the brain to the inner ear.

A condition called optic gliomas may also develop, which may cause vision problems. In some cases, the tumor may become so large that it puts pressure on the optic nerve, causing blindness. Medications are available to treat tumors, but surgery may also be required.

People with neurofibromatosis can benefit from genetic counseling before they have children. They can also receive help from the Children’s Tumour Foundation, which offers support and information to families with children who have neurofibromatosis.


Almost half of all cases of neurofibromatosis are caused by a spontaneous gene mutation. The remaining half is inherited from an affected parent.

Neurofibromatosis is a condition that causes problems with the nervous system and skin. It can affect the brain, spinal cord, optic nerves, and nerve tissues. People with neurofibromatosis may also develop a variety of bone disorders.

In some cases, neurofibromatosis can develop into cancer. These tumors can cause pain, numbness, and weakness. They can also press on internal organs, causing complications such as heart problems and learning disabilities. These tumors can also cause a buildup of excess fluid in the brain.

Most people with neurofibromatosis have mild symptoms, and most children are diagnosed by the time they are eight years old. However, there are some cases that are more severe. These are called plexiform neurofibromas, which can involve many nerves. These types of tumors can be removed surgically. They can also be treated with radiation therapy. Radiation therapy has to be carefully analyzed to ensure that there are no risks.

Neurofibromas can also affect the optic eye nerve. These tumors are rarely found in adults. They can cause a variety of symptoms including drooping eyelids, loss of vision, and headaches. They can also cause problems with the spinal cord, leading to paralysis. These tumors can be removed surgically, but they can return.

People with neurofibromatosis may develop other benign tumors. These tumors can also develop in the ear, causing problems with hearing. They can also develop on the peripheral nerves, causing numbness and weakness.

The two major forms of neurofibromatosis are NF1 and NF2. They are autosomal dominant disorders, meaning that they are passed from parent to child. This means that if one parent has neurofibromatosis, the child has a 50% chance of having the disorder. The genes that cause neurofibromatosis are located on chromosomes 17 and 22.

People with neurofibromatosis can have one of three types of tumors: schwannomas, malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors, and optic gliomas. Each type has its own symptoms. People with schwannomas may not have any symptoms until they are adults. The symptoms of malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors are pain, headaches, weakness, and numbness.


Whether you’ve just been diagnosed with neurofibromatosis or you’re simply concerned about a family member, you can find treatment options that can help you manage the condition. Treatments include controlling the growth and symptoms of tumors, as well as minimizing the effects of the condition. Some symptoms, such as learning disabilities, may even be treated by medication.

For some patients, neurofibromatosis treatments can include surgery. These surgeries can be performed in areas of the body where neurofibromas develop, such as the eyes, brain, and spinal cord. However, surgery can also cause complications. If the patient has a neurofibroma in a critical nerve, it can cause significant pain and damage to the nerve.

For children, MRI studies may be necessary to monitor the growth of the tumors. This can help physicians determine if they are growing in an appropriate manner. In addition, the child will need to have eye and skin exams to check for neurofibromatosis.

Some patients may also receive chemotherapy, which may be given in cycles. Chemotherapy is typically administered orally. Chemotherapy is also sometimes given after surgery to reduce the size of the tumors.

Some treatments may also include radiation therapy. The risks of radiation therapy are well understood, but it may be used to treat malignant tumors. It is important to carefully consider the risks of radiation therapy.

Some medications can help reduce the frequency of seizures. Surgery can also be used to treat epilepsy. However, the treatment of these types of tumors is rarely successful.

Neurofibromatosis treatments may also involve chemotherapy. Chemotherapy is given to children as they are often more likely to tolerate the medication than adults. Usually, four to eight cycles are given to children.

Chemotherapy may also be used to treat malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors. Those tumors have been known to cause problems with the skeletal system. Those tumors may also cause pain and learning disabilities.

Patients with neurofibromatosis may also face pain, hearing and vision problems, learning disabilities, and other complications. Treatments may be necessary for years, so it is important to monitor the progress of your child’s condition.


Getting a diagnosis of neurofibromatosis is important because it can help you understand your condition, manage symptoms, and monitor the condition’s progression. It can also help you know if there is a risk of a family member developing the condition.

In most cases, the diagnosis of neurofibromatosis is made clinically. This means that the doctor will conduct a physical examination and review the clinical history of the patient. They may also order an MRI or other imaging tests.

There are two main types of neurofibromatosis, schwannomatosis and neurofibromatosis type 1. These are both caused by a mutation in a gene. This mutation leads to the growth of tumors in the central and peripheral nervous systems.

Schwannomatosis is a condition that results in the growth of small, painful, distinct lumps on the skin. It is not life-threatening, but treatment is needed to manage the tumors and pain.

Neurofibromatosis type 2 is a condition that causes slow-growing tumors on the nerves. This disorder can cause hearing loss, muscle weakness, and balance problems. It can also cause learning disabilities.

It is important to remember that there is no known cure for neurofibromatosis. However, scientists are working on more effective treatments. Treatment may include surgery or chemotherapy. In some cases, laser surgery is used. The benefits and risks of surgery should be considered before proceeding with treatment.

Neurofibromatosis is a genetic disorder that can affect the nervous system, skin, and other organs. The condition can cause tumors in the central nervous system (brain), peripheral nervous system (nerves), and gastrointestinal tract. It is usually diagnosed at an early age.

Symptoms of neurofibromatosis can be present at birth. However, most people do not develop tumors. If you have symptoms, you should make an appointment with your doctor. The doctor will examine you under a microscope and take a detailed clinical history. They may also order imaging tests to screen for optic nerve gliomas.

If you have neurofibromatosis, you may have a higher risk of developing interstitial lung diseases, pulmonary hypertension, and gastrointestinal tract neoplasms. It is important to talk to your doctor and make a list of your symptoms and medications.

Health Sources:

Health A to Z. (n.d.).

U.S. National Library of Medicine. (n.d.).

Directory Health Topics. (n.d.).

Health A-Z. (2022, April 26). Verywell Health.

Harvard Health. (2015, November 17). Health A to Z.

Health Conditions A-Z Sitemap. (n.d.).

Susan Silverman

Susan Silverman

Susan Silverman is a Healthy Home Remedies Writer for Home Remedy Lifestyle! With over 10 years of experience, I've helped countless people find natural solutions to their health problems. At Home Remedy Lifestyle, we believe that knowledge is power. I am dedicated to providing our readers with trustworthy, evidence-based information about home remedies and natural medical treatments. I love finding creative ways to live a healthy and holistic lifestyle on a budget! It is my hope to empower our readers to take control of their health!

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