What Treatment Options Are Available?
Depending on the level of kidney failure, you may need to undergo treatment options like Dialysis or Chronic kidney disease. It’s important to know what treatment options are available so you can make the best decision for yourself and your family.
Acute kidney failure
Generally, acute kidney failure (AKI) refers to a disease process affecting the kidneys. The kidneys are bean-shaped organs situated near the spine, which are responsible for regulating the water balance of the body. These kidneys filter waste products from the blood and produce urine.
AKI is caused by infection, dehydration, and other conditions. Patients with AKI may experience complications like fluid retention, which can affect the heart, lungs, and gastrointestinal systems.
AKI can occur in both patients with and without chronic kidney disease (CKD). Generally, it is detected by laboratory tests, which are conducted when the patient is unwell. It usually occurs in 10-15 percent of hospitalized patients. It is usually reversible, but it can also lead to permanent kidney failure.
AKI is characterized by the rapid decrease in the kidney’s ability to filter waste products from the blood. It is usually diagnosed after a change in serum creatinine. Other biomarkers may also be used to diagnose AKI.
Serum creatinine is a very sensitive parameter of kidney function. A change of more than twofold may indicate a kidney injury. It can also be associated with a loss of renal blood flow.
The kidneys work together with the heart to maintain water balance in the body. When the kidneys are not working well, the fluid buildup can result in circulatory failure. A person can also experience shortness of breath. A person may need to have a central venous catheter to monitor the fluid status.
A person may need diuretics to reduce the water buildup. A person may also need to have a kidney biopsy, where a small portion of the kidney is removed. If the kidneys are damaged, a person may need a kidney transplant.
A person’s risk for AKI is higher if they have high levels of C-reactive protein, ferritin, leukocytosis, or lymphopenia. Other risk factors include dehydration, hypovolemia, and rhabdomyolysis.
A person with acute kidney failure may be placed on a special diet to limit the workload on the kidneys. Patients may also need to have surgery to remove stones. This type of surgery may be a temporary solution until a kidney transplant can be arranged.
Chronic kidney disease
CKD is a condition where the kidneys slowly start to decline in function. This condition can be mild or serious and can eventually lead to kidney failure. There are many medical conditions that can increase your risk of developing this disease. However, with the right treatment and help from a doctor, many people can manage this condition and live longer lives.
If you’re at risk of developing CKD, you should visit your doctor regularly to have blood and urine tests. These tests will measure the amount of protein in your blood and urine. If there are too many abnormal cells in your blood or urine, you may need to take medications to help your kidneys work better.
CKD is usually caused by other medical conditions. High blood pressure and diabetes are two conditions that put extra stress on your kidneys. If you have these conditions, you should see your doctor regularly to make sure they don’t cause damage to your kidneys.
Your doctor may also suggest you take medication to lower your blood pressure. This can help you live longer and may help prevent kidney failure. It’s also a good idea to avoid drugs that are excreted by the kidneys. You may also need to adjust the dosage of other drugs you take.
You may also need to reduce your blood fats and glucose levels, as these conditions can also damage your kidneys. It’s a good idea to follow any vaccinations that your doctor recommends.
CKD is also a risk factor for heart disease. High blood pressure, diabetes, and kidney disease can all increase your risk of developing heart problems.
If you have kidney disease, your doctor may also order blood tests to monitor your kidney function. These tests will measure various substances in your body, including blood pressure, cholesterol, potassium, and calcium. Your doctor will also look for abnormal cells in your urine.
Chronic kidney disease can also lead to anemia. When your body doesn’t produce enough red blood cells, you may have low blood oxygen levels and feel tired. It can also cause dizziness and memory problems.
Whether you are living with kidney failure or you are caring for a loved one who has kidney failure, you may wonder what treatments are available to help you. Treatment options include a kidney transplant, dialysis, and medical management.
Managing kidney failure can increase your chances of living a longer life. Symptoms can include dizziness, fatigue, shortness of breath, and a loss of concentration. It is important to seek medical help right away. Some of the symptoms can be treated by taking medications and eating a healthy diet.
A kidney transplant is a type of surgery that replaces damaged kidneys with one from a living donor. A kidney transplant can improve your quality of life and help you to live longer. However, you will still have to take medicine for the rest of your life.
Managing kidney failure can be difficult. You may need to talk with a counselor or doctor to decide what treatments are best for you. Some patients choose to treat symptoms with a simple change in diet and medication. Others opt for more invasive treatments.
The treatments you choose will depend on what type of kidney failure you have. A nephrologist can guide you in choosing the best treatment. You may also want to speak with your family about your options.
Treatment options for kidney failure can be confusing, but they are not always the same. Some patients choose to focus on the quality of their life, while others choose to treat symptoms only.
Treatment options for kidney failure may also include dialysis, which can help filter wastes from your blood. It can be done at a facility, or in your own home. Dialysis can also take away time from your family, but it can help you feel better.
Conservative management is an option for patients who do not want to undergo dialysis. It can include treatment to delay the progression of the disease, symptom management, advanced care planning, and psychological support. This type of treatment may be helpful for patients who are older or have advanced chronic kidney disease.
You may also want to speak with your family members and caregivers to decide what type of treatment is best for you. They may be able to help you find ways to pay for treatments.
During kidney failure, patients need to have dialysis. During dialysis, the kidneys work to remove excess fluid from the body, regulate blood pressure, and remove waste products. These functions are vital to maintaining good health. When kidneys are not working properly, waste products and fluid build up in the body and can harm other organs.
There are two main types of dialysis: hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis. Both have advantages and disadvantages. When choosing a type of dialysis, consider your own personal priorities, your doctor’s recommendations, and your medical needs.
The most common type of dialysis is hemodialysis. In this type of dialysis, a catheter is inserted into a large vein in the neck, chest, or arm. The catheter drains excess fluid and waste products from the blood, and the blood returns to the body from the other end.
A less common type of dialysis is peritoneal dialysis. In this type of dialysis, fluid is poured through a catheter and is then pumped into the peritoneal cavity. It remains in the abdomen for several hours at a time.
This type of dialysis is often self-administered at home after training. However, it can cause complications, such as infections in the abdominal cavity. It also increases the risk of peritonitis.
Patients on dialysis who are also at risk for amyloidosis should also discuss these risks with their health care providers. Amyloidosis is a condition that causes stiffness, swelling, and joint pain. It is caused by the buildup of amyloid proteins in the organs.
A dialysis catheter is a hollow tube that is placed in a vein. It can take 300 milliliters of blood per minute. The catheter is inserted into a femoral or subclavian vein.
A dialysis catheter can cause problems, including pain, redness, swelling, constipation, and hypertension. Patients should also drink plenty of fluid to prevent dehydration.
Patients on dialysis may also have restrictions on what they can and cannot eat or drink. They should also follow their healthcare provider’s recommendations for diet and exercise. The goal of dialysis is to help the kidneys continue to function while clearing inciting medications.
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