Symptoms and Diagnosis of Hydrocephalus

Symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment are all discussed in this article. The article also looks at the outlook for the condition.


Symptoms of hydrocephalus include nausea, vomiting, headaches, difficulty sleeping, and visual impairment. The condition may be acquired or congenital. It can occur at any age but is most common in infants. Hydrocephalus is a neurological condition that can cause serious complications if left untreated. It can also lead to death.

Hydrocephalus is caused by an abnormal accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in the brain. The fluid provides the brain with nutrients and helps it to cushion itself from injuries. It also helps the brain remove waste products. When CSF becomes too heavy for the brain, pressure builds up and the brain may develop ventriculomegaly (enlarged ventricles) or non-communication hydrocephalus.

There are a number of diagnostic tests that can help determine the cause of hydrocephalus. A lumbar puncture is the simplest method of checking for pressure. A lumbar puncture involves passing a needle into the space between the vertebrae at the lower end of the spine. A catheter is then inserted to drain the fluid from the brain into another part of the body. A computerized tomography (CT) scan can also reveal signs of hydrocephalus.

The condition is typically diagnosed after birth, but can also occur in babies before birth. A routine ultrasound can detect hydrocephalus in unborn babies. In babies, hydrocephalus is often due to infections or a birth defect. It can also develop after a stroke or head injury.

If hydrocephalus is caused by an infection, the infection is treated. Depending on the severity of the infection, surgery may be required. Surgery can include an endoscopic third ventriculostomy, which closes off the part of the brain that produces CSF. A permanent tube may also be inserted to drain the excess CSF.

Symptoms of hydrocephalus in older adults may include confusion, poor balance, and a loss of muscle coordination. The condition can also cause problems with memory, concentration, and gait. As the condition progresses, headaches may become continuous. Other symptoms may include double vision, vision problems, and problems with hearing and vision.

The brain produces about a pint of CSF every day. The fluid surrounds the brain folds and contains proteins and nutrients. It also removes waste products from the brain and transports them to the blood vessels. If too much CSF accumulates, it may clog up the pathways in the skull and increase the pressure on the brain.


Identifying the condition that causes hydrocephalus can be tricky. There are many different disorders that can lead to the development of this condition. It can occur in children, adults, and newborns. The condition can cause physical disabilities and intellectual impairments.

There are a number of tests that can help with the diagnosis of hydrocephalus. These tests include neuropsychological evaluation, neurological examination, and intracranial pressure monitoring. These tests can be helpful in determining the severity of the condition and the best course of treatment. However, not all tests are necessary for diagnosis.

An ultrasound is a test that uses high-frequency sound waves to create images of the brain. This test is usually the first test that doctors use to diagnose an infant with hydrocephalus. However, this test can only be performed on babies who have open fontanelle.

The brain is made up of four chambers. The lateral ventricles connect the third and fourth chambers. These ventricles are connected by a membrane called the floor of the third ventricle. A third ventricle can be blocked by a brain tumor or other condition.

Depending on the type of hydrocephalus, a shunt can be used to drain extra fluid. This treatment involves a thin tube that is inserted into the ventricular system of the brain. The shunt then directs the fluid to another area of the body. The tube is usually tunneled beneath the skin and connected to an outflow catheter. The shunt will need to be periodically checked by a neurosurgeon.

There are also other treatments that can be used to treat hydrocephalus. The most common treatment is the placement of a shunt. The shunt is a flexible tube that is placed into the ventricular system of the brain. It is then drained.

Other treatment options include the surgical placement of a permanent tube to drain the fluid. In addition, medications may be used to drain the excess fluid. Some shunts can be adjusted externally with a magnetic device.

If hydrocephalus is left untreated, it can result in permanent damage to the brain. In addition, it can interfere with normal brain development. It can also cause a range of symptoms including headaches, vision problems, and weakness.


Getting proper hydrocephalus treatment can help you improve your quality of life and prevent future complications. Hydrocephalus is caused by a buildup of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in one or more of the hollow spaces within the brain. It can cause brain swelling and physical and intellectual impairments. In severe cases, hydrocephalus can be fatal.

Hydrocephalus treatment options depend on the severity and age of the patient. In infants, the goal is to reduce the pressure in the brain. The treatment may involve surgery or medication. It is important to diagnose hydrocephalus early to avoid complications and infections.

A hydrocephalus scan can detect a buildup of CSF and rule out other potential causes of symptoms. The test can also detect bleeding in the brain or other injuries. If the brain is bleeding, a doctor may open the skull.

The main hydrocephalus treatment is a shunt. This is a thin tube that is inserted in the brain and runs under the skin. The shunt valve controls the flow of CSF, and if it malfunctions, it may need to be replaced.

Another hydrocephalus treatment option is an endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV). This is a procedure that is used to treat children with hydrocephalus. This surgery makes a tiny hole in the bottom of the third ventricle in the brain so that CSF can escape from the brain by another route. The ETV procedure is usually performed in children older than 2.

If your child has hydrocephalus, you should follow all the doctor’s instructions. You should also make sure your child has proper safety gear. This will reduce the risk of head injuries. You should also take your child to all of his or her doctor’s appointments.

Hydrocephalus treatment may also involve physical therapy. This can be beneficial for a child’s recovery after surgery. Occupational therapy may also be helpful. This therapy is useful to help a child resume regular activities.

You may also need to use a car seat to prevent head injuries. You should also wash your child’s skin daily with a mild soap and rinse with clear water. You may also have to provide Tylenol or pain relievers.


Symptoms of hydrocephalus can affect an individual’s outlook on life. It’s a condition that causes the brain to swell and produce too much cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). When CSF builds up, it squashes the surrounding brain tissue. If left untreated, it can lead to permanent cognitive and physical impairment.

Hydrocephalus affects both children and adults. Early detection can lead to effective treatment. Treatment may include therapy, surgery or education. If diagnosed early, many people with hydrocephalus can lead normal, active lives.

Some people with hydrocephalus improve dramatically after undergoing surgery. However, others aren’t candidates for surgery. Surgical procedures can be costly and require frequent follow-up care. If a shunt is implanted, it may need to be checked for infection or broken tube separation. A shunt is a device that drains CSF from the brain into another part of the body.

Symptoms of hydrocephalus vary from person to person and may be caused by a number of conditions. They can include cognitive problems, headaches, neck pain, and drowsiness. Depending on the severity of the disease, some people may need long-term care.

Hydrocephalus can be fatal if left untreated. The severity of the disease also depends on when it begins and how it progresses. It can result in decreased mobility, a loss of cognitive functioning, and even a coma. The mortality rate is low at about 3%.

Hydrocephalus can also be caused by a brain tumor. If you or a loved one has been diagnosed with hydrocephalus, it’s important to seek treatment immediately. It’s also important to stay active. Hydrocephalus can be treated with therapy or surgery, and education. A national organization, the Hydrocephalus Association, provides resources for people with hydrocephalus.

A shunt may be implanted to relieve pressure. However, if the shunt becomes blocked, it can lead to other problems. If a shunt fails, it may need to be opened by a surgeon. If there are infections in the area where the shunt is placed, it may need to be removed. If a shunt is implanted, patients need to undergo regular medical checkups.

Hydrocephalus can be difficult to live with, but advances in technology have made it possible for people with the condition to lead normal, active lives.

Health Sources:

Health A to Z. (n.d.). HSE.ie. https://www2.hse.ie/az/

U.S. National Library of Medicine. (n.d.). https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/

Directory Health Topics. (n.d.). https://www.healthline.com/directory/topics

Health A-Z. (2022, April 26). Verywell Health. https://www.verywellhealth.com/health-a-z-4014770

Harvard Health. (2015, November 17). Health A to Z. https://www.health.harvard.edu/health-a-to-z

Health Conditions A-Z Sitemap. (n.d.). EverydayHealth.com. https://www.everydayhealth.com/conditions/

Susan Silverman

Susan Silverman

Susan Silverman is a Healthy Home Remedies Writer for Home Remedy Lifestyle! With over 10 years of experience, I've helped countless people find natural solutions to their health problems. At Home Remedy Lifestyle, we believe that knowledge is power. I am dedicated to providing our readers with trustworthy, evidence-based information about home remedies and natural medical treatments. I love finding creative ways to live a healthy and holistic lifestyle on a budget! It is my hope to empower our readers to take control of their health!

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