Types of Headaches and How to Treat Them
Having headaches can be a debilitating experience. There are many types of headaches, including tension, migraine, sinus, COVID-19, and exertion headaches. If you’re struggling with headaches, it’s important to find the right treatment for you.
Approximately one out of every two men and one out of every three women suffer from tension headaches. They are the most common headaches and are characterized by dull, aching pain around the head and neck.
They can be very annoying and have a huge impact on your daily life. They may prevent you from working or participating in activities. It is best to seek medical treatment if you are experiencing frequent tension headaches.
Tension headaches occur when muscles in the head and neck become tight. It is thought that tight muscles can trigger changes in neurotransmitters, resulting in pain pathways in the brain.
Tension headaches may be episodic, infrequent, or chronic. An episodic tension headache occurs less than 15 days a month. The headache may start gradually or may be set off by a stressful event. It is often caused by work stress.
Chronic tension headaches may occur more frequently and may last up to 60 days. They may also become more severe, resulting in disability. A chronic tension headache may lead to migraine, which can cause headaches to occur more often.
In addition to medication, lifestyle changes may help alleviate tension headaches. For example, exercising the neck and shoulder muscles can help reduce the intensity and frequency of headaches. Also, practicing good posture can help reduce tension in the neck and head. You can also take hot or cold baths to soothe the pain.
If you suffer from a tension headache, you may want to keep a headache diary. This will allow you to track your headaches, and identify headache triggers. You can also talk to someone you trust about your headaches.
You should also take notes about your daily activities, including your sleep habits, food, and other factors. These will help your medical professional to diagnose and treat your headache.
Typically, the symptoms of migraine headaches include a throbbing pain in one side of the head that can be severe. It may also include nausea, vomiting, sensitivity to light and sound, and sometimes dizziness. Migraine may also affect the eyes, sinuses, throat, stomach, or back of the head.
If you experience migraine headaches, it’s important to keep track of your symptoms. It’s also important to identify and avoid triggers that cause migraine.
Your doctor may prescribe medications to relieve your symptoms. These may include timolol, amitriptyline, divalproex sodium, or hormone therapy. Your doctor may also recommend preventive medicine to help prevent migraine headaches. These medicines may include antidepressants, blood pressure medications, anti-seizure medications, and Botox injections.
You should also keep track of how long you have a migraine, as well as what causes it. Some migraine triggers include light, sound, and food additives. You may also want to look into using biofeedback to learn how to relax and stop migraine from occurring.
Migraine is often diagnosed based on a physical examination and characteristic symptoms. In some cases, imaging tests may be required. These tests can help rule out other causes of headaches. You may also need blood tests to check for other medical conditions.
Some doctors also teach a technique called biofeedback to help patients relax and stop migraine attacks. This can be especially helpful for people who have trouble stopping a migraine attack on their own.
Migraine is a very debilitating condition that can affect your life. You may need to take preventive medications and learn stress management techniques to control your migraines.
You can also try changing your sleep patterns or eating foods that are less likely to trigger migraine. You may also need to take medicines to treat nausea or pain.
Unlike migraines, sinus headaches can be hard to diagnose, since there are many different symptoms. It’s important to get medical care if you experience severe pain. However, if you’re just having a regular headache, you can usually treat it at home.
Sinus headaches can be caused by many different factors, including a sinus infection, allergies, or a deviated septum. You can use nasal decongestants to help relieve your sinus congestion and pain. But, decongestants shouldn’t be used when you have emphysema or asthma.
You can also try over-the-counter medications like ibuprofen, acetaminophen, or Naprosyn to lessen your pain. Then, make sure you’re drinking enough water to help reduce inflammation. You can also get a corticosteroid nasal spray to help you get relief.
In order to diagnose sinus headaches, a healthcare provider will look at your nasal passages, ears, and forehead. The provider may also order X-rays or a CT scan to check for obstructions or other causes of the headache.
Your healthcare provider may also take samples of mucus to test for bacteria. If you have a sinus infection, you may need to take antibiotics. But, antibiotics can also cause allergic reactions, so it’s best to discuss this with your doctor.
If your sinus headache is caused by a sinus infection, it may require antibiotics. But, antibiotics can also have unwanted side effects, including antibiotic-resistant infections.
The best way to prevent sinus headaches is to avoid allergens. You can also try traditional home remedies. Using humidifiers to humidify the dry air can also help relieve the headache.
If your sinus headache doesn’t go away after a week, you may need to see your doctor. Your provider can prescribe pain relievers and antibiotics if the infection isn’t clear.
During strenuous physical activity, an exertional headache may occur. These headaches are caused by the body’s need for oxygen and the increased pressure caused by the increased heart rate. They occur during and after exercise and are also triggered by other physical activities.
There are several ways to treat an exertional headache. Some of these include reducing the intensity of your workout, taking anti-inflammatories, and drinking plenty of water.
Another thing to consider is whether you have an underlying condition. For example, a family history of brain aneurysms may increase your risk of experiencing an exertional headache. It’s best to visit a physician to rule out other possible causes.
Exertion headaches are generally benign, but they can be dangerous. They can occur suddenly and may require emergency medical attention. Some of the symptoms include light sensitivity, nausea, vomiting, and even numbness in the face. The best way to combat these symptoms is to rest, drink plenty of water, and avoid exercise that requires a lot of attention.
It’s also worth noting that exercise can help prevent depression and bone density. However, it’s also important to keep your body weight in check. The increased heart rate and blood pressure caused by exercise increase the risk of blood vessel rupture, which can lead to a headache.
An exertional headache can also be caused by excessive perspiration, improper hydration, and poor posture. Proper posture will help keep your back straight and allow for adequate blood circulation.
An exertional headache may also be caused by an increased heart rate or a temporomandibular joint disorder. These conditions can be treated with rest and anti-inflammatories and can lead to an improvement in your symptoms.
Unlike migraine, COVID-19 headaches are generally not associated with typical stressors. A person with COVID-19 may experience symptoms such as confusion, disorientation, and loss of speech.
In the first month after a person has COVID-19, they may experience more headache days than usual. Symptoms can be mild or severe. Usually, COVID-19 headaches resolve within a week or ten days. However, the symptoms may last for months.
COVID-19 is caused by a coronavirus known as SARS-CoV-2. It is a type of virus that invades the cribriform plate in the brain and causes symptoms such as fever, headache, and blood clots. It may cross the blood-brain barrier, causing an inflammatory response. The virus may also trigger a cytokine storm, which can lead to neuroinflammation.
COVID-19 is a common symptom, but its causes are not fully understood. Researchers think the virus may cause inflammation in the brain, which can trigger headaches.
Headaches can be a result of many factors, including dehydration, stress, and allergies. If a headache is severe, you may need prescription medication. You can also try some over-the-counter medications, such as acetaminophen. You should also see a doctor if you are having problems with your vision or balance, if you experience a stiff neck, or if you experience confusion.
COVID-19 is a virus that is transmitted through aerosol microdroplets. It has been reported to be twice as likely to cause headaches than other respiratory viruses.
There is also a connection between COVID-19 and migraine. Researchers have found that about a quarter of people who have COVID-19 headaches also have migraine episodes.
There are several symptoms associated with COVID-19, including a loss of smell and taste. In addition, headaches can last for weeks, months, or even years.
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