Different Types of Contraceptives

Currently, there are many types of contraceptives that can be found on the market. Some of these methods include hormonal methods, oral contraceptives, condoms, and barrier methods. These methods have different benefits and disadvantages, so it is important that you know all of them before choosing any method.


Using condoms as a contraceptive is an effective method of preventing unwanted pregnancy. It helps in preventing the transmission of STDs such as HIV.

Condoms come in two types: external and internal. External condoms are worn during vaginal penetrative sex, while internal condoms are inserted inside the vagina. The internal condom is a soft, flexible ring that keeps sperm from reaching the uterus.

Condoms are easy to use. They are easy to store and provide protection against STIs.

Male condoms come in many different sizes and materials. They are usually made of latex, though there are alternatives such as polyurethane. Polyurethane is less likely to cause an allergic reaction.

Condoms also provide protection against STIs such as chlamydia. It is important to use a condom with other forms of birth control, such as the pill. You should not use baby oil, hand lotion, or oily lubricants, as these can damage the rubber of the condom.

According to studies, condoms have a low failure rate as a contraceptive. During sex, it is important to roll the condom on the right way to keep it from breaking and transmitting STIs. You should also hold the condom firmly at the base of the penis when withdrawing. If you are using an oil-based lubricant, you should try to use a personal lubricant instead.

Condoms can also be used as an emergency contraceptive for up to five days after unprotected sex. In addition to condoms, you can also use an intrauterine device. If you are not sure what type of birth control to use, you should seek professional advice.

Condoms are a good choice for most people. They are cheap, easy to use, and offer protection against STDs. However, they can also cause pregnancy.

Barrier methods

Using barrier methods for contraception is an inexpensive and convenient method of birth control. It is also non-hormonal. It may protect against some sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and may help to reduce the risk of cervical cancer.

Barrier methods consist of medically formulated substances that are placed inside the vagina. They are designed to prevent sperm from reaching the uterus during penis-in-vagina sex. Barrier methods can be purchased over the counter at pharmacies or can be obtained without a prescription.

Barrier methods include cervical caps, diaphragms, and female and male condoms. They are most effective when used correctly every time. Barrier methods are not as effective as hormonal methods of contraception, but they are a very safe and inexpensive alternative.

Male condoms are designed to prevent sperm from entering the vagina. They come in a variety of styles, including male latex condoms, polyurethane condoms, and lambskin condoms. They can be purchased over the counter in stores that sell condoms.

Spermicides are available in several forms, including gels, creams, suppositories, and jellies. They are placed in the vagina 30 minutes before sex. The spermicide will kill the sperm, preventing it from reaching the egg. Some people develop allergies to spermicides.

Diaphragms and caps are dome-shaped contraceptives that are placed on the vagina before sex. They are available in different sizes and come in a variety of materials, including rubber, polyurethane, and silicone.

Barrier methods are considered to be 70 to 75 percent effective with typical use. However, they may still fail to prevent pregnancy. They are not as effective as hormonal methods of contraception, and may also irritate the vagina.

They may also increase the risk of urinary tract infections. However, they are safe while breastfeeding. If you have questions about barrier methods of contraception, talk with your doctor or health care provider.

Hormonal methods

Biologically-based contraceptives are a group of medications that act on the endocrine system to prevent pregnancy. These drugs include birth control pills, injections, and skin patches. Generally, they use estrogen and progestin to suppress the release of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH) in the body.

The hormonal method of contraception is one of the most effective forms of birth control. It prevents pregnancy by blocking the release of eggs from the ovaries. In addition, it thickens cervix mucus, making it difficult for sperm to reach the egg.

Typical use of a hormonal method of birth control includes regular use. It also includes use with a backup contraceptive if you miss a period. This method is safe and effective for most women.

If you are considering hormonal birth control, talk to your doctor about the best method for you. If you need a contraceptive that is easy to use, you may want to look at a reversible method.

Other types of hormonal birth control include oral contraceptives, injections, and vaginal rings. These methods can be used in conjunction with condoms to prevent STDs. Choosing a method that fits your lifestyle is important.

Hormonal methods of birth control are available in both long-acting and short-acting forms. Long-acting methods include contraceptive implants and hormonal IUDs. They last from three to 10 years. Short-acting methods include birth control pills and skin patches. They require daily or weekly use.

Typically, hormonal methods are more effective than non-barrier methods of birth control. They do not protect users from STDs and HIV, however. Other methods of birth control include condoms, birth control shots, and diaphragms.

Although hormonal methods of birth control are safe for most people, they can cause health problems. Some include depression and headaches. Others may cause weight gain, soreness, and fatigue.


Surgical sterilization of contraceptives is a surgical procedure to prevent pregnancy. It is a safe and effective method, but there are some risks. Sterilization should only be done in cases where a woman is sure she does not want children in the future.

Surgical sterilization is typically done in a hospital under general anesthesia. The procedure involves a special catheter and a small flexible metal insert. Anesthesia has changed sterilization methods over the years.

There are three main types of sterilization: surgical sterilization, tubal ligation, and non-surgical sterilization. The first two are relatively simple procedures that require little pain and can be performed under minimal anesthesia. The third, non-surgical sterilization, blocks up the fallopian tubes. The fallopian tubes carry eggs to the uterus. These tubes can be closed with clamps or electrical current.

Male sterilization, or vasectomy, involves cutting sperm-carrying ducts and vas deferens. This procedure has no effect on libido or sexual intercourse. It is easier to perform, less expensive, and less invasive.

Female sterilization, or tubal ligation, involves cutting or tying the fallopian tubes. This procedure can be performed during a cesarean delivery or within 48 hours after a vaginal delivery. It works immediately as a contraceptive, and there is a risk of ectopic pregnancy after sterilization.

The cost of sterilization is usually quite high. It is not covered by most insurance plans. In the U.S., it is estimated that sterilization costs from $50 to $500.

Sterilization is the best option for many women, but it should be considered only if a woman is sure she does not want to have children in the future. There are other options for women who are not sure about sterilization, including long-acting contraceptives.

Oral contraceptives

Historically, oral contraceptives have been prescribed only with a prescription, and are not widely available over the counter. Several formulations are now available on the market, but each type of oral contraceptive has different side effects.

Oral contraceptives inhibit ovulation and prevent pregnancy. These birth control pills contain two hormones – estrogen and progestin. The estrogen component is used to bind to the egg, while progestin is used to prevent implantation.

Women who have ever used oral contraceptives have a slight increase in the risk of breast cancer. But, this increase is small, and the risk decreases when the contraceptives are discontinued.

Some of the most common side effects of oral contraceptives include vaginal spotting and abnormal bleeding. The side effects usually decrease after three months of use. Some oral contraceptives also have the potential to increase blood pressure.

In addition to preventing pregnancy, oral contraceptives are also used to treat menstrual irregularity and menorrhagia. The estrogen component of oral contraceptives may activate the blood clotting mechanism. This may increase the risk of thromboembolism.

Women with severe diabetes, high blood pressure, and abnormal blood lipids are at an increased risk of thromboembolism. These women should not use combination oral contraceptives. They should also avoid oral contraceptives that contain a high dose of estrogen.

Several formulations of progestin-only oral contraceptives are available. These are not widely used in the United States. These products are also called minipills. The progestin component of these oral contraceptives contains norgestimate, norethindrone acetate, and levonorgestrel. They are not recommended for women who are breastfeeding.

The most commonly prescribed oral contraceptive in the United States contains synthetic progesterone. It is available in 21 different formulations.

Health Sources:

Health A to Z. (n.d.).

U.S. National Library of Medicine. (n.d.).

Directory Health Topics. (n.d.).

Health A-Z. (2022, April 26). Verywell Health.

Harvard Health. (2015, November 17). Health A to Z.

Health Conditions A-Z Sitemap. (n.d.).

Susan Silverman

Susan Silverman

Susan Silverman is a Healthy Home Remedies Writer for Home Remedy Lifestyle! With over 10 years of experience, I've helped countless people find natural solutions to their health problems. At Home Remedy Lifestyle, we believe that knowledge is power. I am dedicated to providing our readers with trustworthy, evidence-based information about home remedies and natural medical treatments. I love finding creative ways to live a healthy and holistic lifestyle on a budget! It is my hope to empower our readers to take control of their health!

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