The Benefits and Risks of Circumcision

Performing circumcision is an operation that requires the insertion of a device into the human penis to remove the foreskin. It is usually performed with forceps. It is used to prevent the development of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), such as HIV and syphilis.

Reduces risk of getting STDs

Several studies have shown that circumcision reduces the risk of getting STDs in both men and women. In addition, circumcision can reduce the risk of acquiring HIV.

A study conducted in Kenya and Uganda found that circumcision significantly reduced the risk of HIV infection. However, two studies in these countries were halted early by the United States National Institutes of Health.

Another study in New Zealand found that circumcision decreased the risk of contracting herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) and chlamydia. However, the overall risk of STIs did not differ between circumcised and non-circumcised men and women. Several STIs were studied, including herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2), human papillomavirus (HPV), gonorrhea, and syphilis.

A prominent 2009 study found that circumcision reduces the risk of acquiring genital herpes by 28% to 45%. Other studies have shown that circumcision reduces the risks of cervical cancer and HIV.

Two studies have found that circumcision is associated with a lower risk of acquiring hepatitis B virus (HBV) and human papillomavirus (HPV). In addition, several studies have shown that circumcision is associated with lower transmission rates of gonorrhea in America.

A recent meta-analysis found that circumcision is associated with a 20% reduced risk of HIV infection in MSM. These findings support the need for MSM to be included in campaigns promoting circumcision in low-income countries.

In addition to circumcision, a comprehensive HIV prevention package includes the use of condoms and other strategies for reducing sexual partners. It is also important to delay the onset of sexual relations. However, oral sex may still transmit STIs without protection. Using condoms, staying with one uninfected partner, and abstaining from penetrative sex are all reliable ways to reduce the risk of STIs.

Although circumcision may have a protective effect against STIs, it does not provide the best protection. In fact, the majority of studies on circumcision and STDs were observational. The quality of evidence is not adequate for MSM in low-income countries.

In addition, there is a need for longitudinal studies to determine the effect of circumcision on male-to-male transmission of STIs. The burden of STIs is still high.

May cause smegma

Keeping your genitals clean and dry can prevent smegma buildup. Smegma is an oily substance that develops in areas where skin cells and oil gather. It is commonly seen in the folds of the labia, vulva, and clitoris. It is not a sexually transmitted disease, but it can cause discomfort and irritation. It can also lead to infections and genital problems. If you have a smegma, it is advisable to talk to your partner.

Smegma is a mixture of dead skin cells, oils, and moisture. It can look like a cottage cheese-like substance or a yellowish, white speck. Smegma can appear in both men and women. It can also form pearl-shaped lumps under the foreskin.

Generally, smegma is not a problem, but it can lead to infections and other genital problems. If you have a lot of smegma, talk to your healthcare provider. He can diagnose you and rule out any sexually transmitted diseases.

In infants, smegma appears as white spots under the foreskin. If you notice this, it is advisable to clean the area gently. You can use a soft cloth to clean the area and rinse it with warm water. Then dry the area with a soft towel.

Men should clean their foreskin on a regular basis to prevent smegma buildup. You can also use mild soap and warm water to clean the area. You should not use scented cleansers or harsh cleansers.

In addition to smegma, you may also develop balanitis, a condition that tightens your foreskin. Balanitis is not a very common condition, but if it occurs, it can make it difficult to retract the foreskin.

Smegma buildup can also create an ideal environment for bacteria to grow. It is not uncommon for smegma to create a strong odor. You should talk to your healthcare provider if you notice a smegma buildup or if you haven’t cleaned your genitals for an extended period of time. It is also advisable to avoid using sharp devices to clean your foreskin.

The best way to get rid of smegma is to clean the area with warm water and a soft cloth. Do not use a Q-tip or cotton swab to clean under the foreskin.


Despite the fact that circumcision is considered a normal procedure, it can cause a number of physical and psychological effects. The first and foremost is the pain. This can be either mild or intense. It can last for two weeks or longer.

Fortunately, there are ways to reduce the pain that a child may experience during the circumcision process. For example, some infants may be given Tylenol to help reduce the pain of the procedure.

The area around the penis can be cleaned using warm water. Pre-moistened towelettes are not recommended as they can cause irritation. To prevent infection, it is best to wash hands and change gauze after each diaper change.

A small yellow-whitish film may develop on the head of the penis in the first few days after the procedure. This film is not an infection but rather a coating that will disappear in a few days.

Some infants may become fussy and have difficulty urinating after the procedure. This can be because of air that was swallowed during the procedure. For this reason, some doctors use analgesic cream to numb the area.

The first week after the procedure, the area around the penis may be red and swollen. The swelling will diminish slowly over the next five to eight days.

If sex is performed during the first week of healing, the pain may return. In most cases, this is not a problem because urine is not a source of infection.

Circumcision may also cause a lack of sexual sensitivity. This can lead to sexual frustration and possible future psychosexual dysfunction. However, this does not mean that all men will experience this. Some males may not be aware of the issues that circumcision can cause.

It is important to educate yourself about the various types of circumcision and how they are performed. This can help you decide whether circumcision is right for you. Having a little knowledge can help reduce the discomfort and help you prepare for the aftermath.

If you are concerned about the emotional effects of circumcision, talk to your school nurse or youth reception. You may be able to get counseling or a new device to help prevent the pain.


Surgical correction of circumcision complications results in a high cost to the health care system. However, most complications are minor and may be prevented with careful attention to preoperative evaluation and proper surgical technique.

Circumcision is a surgical procedure commonly performed on newborns and children. The risk of complications is low, but the frequency of complications is increasing at a rate of 20-fold in boys aged one to nine years. In general, the incidence of complications increases 10-fold in boys aged 10 to 12 years. However, severe complications and mortality are extremely rare.

The majority of complications are minor and can be prevented with careful preoperative evaluation, proper surgical technique, and postoperative follow-up. However, complications can occur if the procedure is performed by unqualified clinicians.

The most common adverse event is bleeding. Post-circumcision bleeding can be controlled using direct pressure and silver nitrate. During open circumcision, hemostasis is the most effective method to control post-circumcision bleeding. The use of a frenular band is recommended to reduce post-circumcision bleeding. A urethrocutaneous fistula is a rare complication. The fistula can present as a split urine stream or as an obvious fistulous tract.

There are many factors that can lead to complications, such as inadequate surgical technique and the lack of proper training. A urologist is usually the best-trained person to treat circumcision complications. However, a pediatric urologist cannot perform all procedures. Circumcision is often performed by non-medical personnel. Having a urologist perform the circumcision is recommended for patients with congenital malformations.

Complications are usually minor and can be treated by a pediatric urologist. However, in some cases, the complications are severe and may require surgical correction. Complications are more likely to occur in boys who were circumcised for medical reasons, but the complication rate for boys circumcised for religious reasons is also high.

The most common post-circumcision complication is phimosis. This complication may occur after circumcision when the skin bridge between the penile shaft and the glans penis is not properly excised. If this occurs, glandular necrosis is likely to occur. If this complication is not addressed promptly, the penis may amputation.

Health Sources:

Health A to Z. (n.d.).

U.S. National Library of Medicine. (n.d.).

Directory Health Topics. (n.d.).

Health A-Z. (2022, April 26). Verywell Health.

Harvard Health. (2015, November 17). Health A to Z.

Health Conditions A-Z Sitemap. (n.d.).

Susan Silverman

Susan Silverman

Susan Silverman is a Healthy Home Remedies Writer for Home Remedy Lifestyle! With over 10 years of experience, I've helped countless people find natural solutions to their health problems. At Home Remedy Lifestyle, we believe that knowledge is power. I am dedicated to providing our readers with trustworthy, evidence-based information about home remedies and natural medical treatments. I love finding creative ways to live a healthy and holistic lifestyle on a budget! It is my hope to empower our readers to take control of their health!

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